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References and sources of data for the Geologic Map of the Snoqualmie Pass 30'- by 60' Quadrangle, Washington

U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Map I-2660

 by R.W. Tabor, R.W. Tabor, V.A. Frizzell, Jr., D.B. Booth, and R.B. Waitt

For maps showing sources of data at the end of the reference list, click here

REFERENCES CITED

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Crandell, D.R., 1963, Surficial geology and geomorphology of the Lake Tapps quadrangle, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 388-A, p. A1-A84, scale 1:24,000.

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---1977, Paleozoic rocks of northwest Washington and adjacent parts of British Columbia, in Stewart, J.H., Stevens, C.H., and Fritsche, A.E., eds., Paleozoic paleography of the Western United States: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Section, Los Angeles, California, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 1, (1977), p. 481-502.

Dungan, M.A., Vance, J.A., and Blanchard, D.P., 1983, Geochemistry of the Shuksan greenschists and blueschists, North Cascades, Washington: Variably fractionated and altered metabasalts of oceanic affinity: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, v. 82, p. 131-146.

Duggan, K., 1992a, Regional significance of the Tonga Formation, North Cascades, Washington: Bellingham, Western Washington University, M.S. thesis, 117 p.

---1992b, Regional significance of the Tonga formation, North Cascades, Washington: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs [abs.], v. 24, no. 5, p. 21.

Easterbrook, D.J., Biggs, N.D., Westgate, J.A., and Gorton, M.P., 1981, Age of the Salmon Springs glaciation in Washington: Geology, v. 9, no. 2, p. 87-93.

Easterbrook, D.J., Crandell, D.R., and Leopold, E.B., 1967, Pre-Olympia Pleistocene stratigraphy and chronology in the central Puget Lowland, Washington: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 78, no. 1, p. 13-20.

Ellis, R.C., 1959, The geology of the Dutch Miller Gap area, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, Ph.D. dissertation, 113 p.

Erikson, E.H., Jr., 1965, Petrology of an eastern portion of the Snoqualmie batholith, central Cascades, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 52 p.

---1968, Petrology of the Snoqualmie batholith, central Cascade Mountains, Washington: Dallas, Texas, Southern Methodist University, Ph.D. dissertation, 112 p.

---1969, Petrology of the composite Snoqualmie batholith, central Cascade Mountains, Washington: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 80, no. 11, p. 2213-2236.

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Fiske, R.S., Hopson, C.A., and Waters, A.C., 1963, Geology of Mount Ranier National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 444, 93 p.

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Frizzell, V.A., Jr., 1979, Petrology and stratigraphy of Paleogene nonmarine sandstones, Cascade Range, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-1149, 151 p.

Frizzell, V.A., Jr., Tabor, R.W., Booth, D.B., Ort, K.M., and Waitt, R.B., Jr., 1984, Preliminary geolgoic map of the Snoqualmie Pass 1:100,000 quadrangle, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 84-693, 42 p.

Frizzell, V.A., Jr., Tabor, R.W., Gaum, William, and Hetherington, M.J., 1979, Ages and stratigraphic relationships of selected Paleogene nonmarine rocks, central Cascades and western foothills, Washington [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 11, no. 7, p. 428.

Frizzell, V.A. Jr., Tabor, R.W., Zartman, R.B., and Blome, C.D., 1987, Late Mesozoic or early Tertiary melanges in the western Cascades of Washington, in Schuster, J.E., ed., Selected papers on the Geology of Washington: Washington Division of Geology and Earth Resources Bulletin 77, p. 129-148.

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Fuller, R.E., 1925, The geology of the northeastern part of the Cedar Lake quadrangle, with special reference to the de-roofed Snoqualmie batholith: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 96 p.

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Gard, L.M., Jr., 1968, Bedrock geology of the Lake Tapps quadrangle, Pierce County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 388-B, 33 p.

Goetsch, S.A., 1978, The metamorphic and structural history of the Quartz Mountain—Lookout Mountain area, Kittitas County, central Cascades, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 86 p.

Gower, H.D., and Wanek, A.A., 1963, Preliminary geologic map of the Cumberland quadrangle, King County, Washington: Washington Division of Mines and Geology, Geologic Map GM-2, scale 1:24,000.

Grant, A.R., 1969, Chemical and physical controls for base metal deposition in the Cascade Range of Washington: Washington Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 58, 107 p.

Gualtieri, J.L., and Simmons, G.C., 1989, Geology of the Alpine Lakes study area and additions, Washington: in U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Mineral resources of the Alpine Lakes study area and additions, Chelan, King, and Kittitas Counties, Washington, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1542, p. 5-52.

Gualtieri, J.L., Simmons, G.C., Thurber, H.K., Miller, M.S., and Davis, W.E., 1973, Mineral resources of the Alpine Lakes study area, Chelan, King, and Kittitas Counties, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey open-file report, 132 p.

Gualtieri, J.L., Thurber, H.K., Miller, M.S., McMahan, M.C., and Federspiel, M.S., 1975, Mineral resources of additions to the Alpine Lakes Study Area, Chelan, King, and Kittitas Counties, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-3, 162 p.

Hammond, P.E., 1963, Structure and stratigraphy of the Keechelus Volcanic Group and associated Tertiary rocks in the west-central Cascades Range: Seattle, University of Washington, Ph.D. dissertation, 264 p.

---1964, Structure and stratigraphy of the Keedhelus volcanic group and associated Tertiary rocks in the west-central Cascade Range, Washington: Dissertation Abstracts, v. 24, no. 7, p. 2869.

---1965, Goat mountain cauldron--a volcanic-tectonic subsidence structure of early Tertiary age, east-central Cascade Range, Washington: Preliminary study [abs.]: Geological Society of America Special Paper 87, p. 207-208.

---1977, Structure, stratigraphy, plutonism and volcanism of the central Cascades, Washington: Part IV. Stratigraphy, structure, and plutonism along the upper Yakima and south fork Snoqualmie River Valleys, central Cascade Range, Washington, in Brown, E.H., and Ellis, R.C., eds., Geological excursions in the Pacific Northwest: Geological Society of America field guide, annual meeting, Seattle, p. 292-308.

---1980, Reconnaissance geologic map of southern Washington Cascade Range: Publication of the Department of Earth Sciences, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, 31 p.

Hartman, D.A., 1973, Geology and low grade metamorphism of the Greenwater River area, central Cascade Range, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, Ph.D. dissertation, 99 p.

Haugerud, R.A., Morrison, M.L., and Brown, E.H., 1981, Structural and metamorphic history of the Shuksan Metamorphic Suite in the Mount Watson and Gee Point areas, North Cascades, Washington: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 92, pt. 1, no. 6, p. 374-383.

Heller, P.L., Tabor, R.W., and Suczek, C.A., 1987, Paleogeographic evolution on the United States Pacific Northwest during Paleogene time: Canadian Journal of Earth Science, v. 24, no. 8, p. 1652-1667.

Hirsch, R.M., 1975, Glacial geology and geomorphology of the upper Cedar River watershed, Cascade Range, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 48 p.

Hopson, C.A., and Mattinson, J.M., 1973, Ordovician and late Jurassic ophiolitic assemblages in the Pacific Northwest [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 5, no. 1, p. 57.

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Kremer, D.E., 1959, The geology of the Preston-Mt. Si area: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 103 p.

Lamey, C.A., 1950, The Blewett iron-nickel deposit, Chelan County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 969-D, p. 87-101.

Lamey, C.A., and Hotz, P.E., 1951, The Cle Elum River nickeliferous iron deposits, Kittitas County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 978-B, p. 27-67.

Laursen, J.M., and Hammond, P.E., 1974, Summary of radiometric ages of Oregon and Washington rocks, through June, 1972: Isochron/West, no. 9, p. 1-32.

Lewellen, D.G., 1983, The structure and depositional environment of the Manastash Formation, Kittitas County, Washington: Cheney, Eastern Washington University, M.S. thesis, 108 p.

Lewellen, D.G., Walker, C.W., Cushman, C.D., 1985, Geology and coal potential of the Taneum-Manastash area, Kittitas County, Washington: Washington State Division of Geology and Earth Resources Open-File Report 83-9, 79p.

Lipson, J., Folinsbee, R.E., and Baadsgaard, H., 1961, Periods of orogeny in the western Cordillera, in Geochronology of rock systems: New York Academy of Science Annals, v. 91, art. 2, p. 459-463.

Livingston, V.E., Jr., 1971, Geology and mineral resources of King County, Washington: Washington Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 63.

Lofgren, D.C., 1974, The bedrock geology of the southwestern part of the Kachess Lake quadrangle, Washington: Portland, Oregon, Portland State University, M.S. thesis, 73 p.

Lupher, R.L., 1944, Stratigraphic aspects of the Blewett-Cle Elum iron ore zone, Chelan and Kiltitas Counties, Washington: Washington Division of Mines and Geology Report of Investigations 19, 45 p.

Mackin, J.H., 1941, Glacial geology of the Snoqualmie-Cedar area, Washington: Journal of Geology, v. 49, p. 449-481.

Mattinson, J.M., 1972, Ages of zircons from the northern Cascade Mountains, Washington: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 83, no. 12, p. 3769-3784.

---1977, Emplacement history of the Tatoosh volcanic-plutonic complex, Washington: Ages of zircons: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, no. 10, p. 1509-1514.

McCulla, M.S., 1986, Geology and metallization of the White River area, King and Pierce Counties, Washington: Corvallis, Oregon State University, Ph.D. dissertation, 276 p.

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Miller, R.B., 1977, Structure and petrology of the Ingalls mafic-ultramafic complex and associated pre-Tertiary rocks, central Washington Cascades [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9, no. 4, p. 468.

---1980a, Metamorphic facies and structural styles of pre-Tertiary rocks of the central Washington Cascade province [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 12, no. 3, p. 141.

---1980b, Structure, petrology, and emplacement of the ophiolitic Ingalls Complex, north-central Cascades, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, Ph.D. dissertation, 422 p.

---1985, The ophiolitic Ingalls Complex, north-central Cascade Mountains, Washington: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 96, no. 1, p. 27-42.

---1989, The Mesozoic Rimrock Lake inlier, southern Washington Cascades: Implications for the basement to the Columbia Embayment: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, no. 52, p. 1289-1305.

Miller, R.B., and Frost, B.R., 1977, Structure, stratigraphy, plutonism and volcanism of the central Cascades, Washington: Part III. Geology of the Ingalls Complex and related pre-late Cretaceous rocks of the Mount Stuart uplift, central Cascades, Washington, in Brown E.H. and Ellis, R.C., eds., Geological excursions in the Pacific Northwest: Geological Society of American field guide, 1977 annual meeting, Seattle, Department of Geology, Western Washington University, p. 283-291.

Miller, R.B., and Mogk, D.W., 1987, Ultramafic rocks of a fracture-zone ophiolite, North Cascades, Washington: Tectonophysics, v. 142, p. 261-289.

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Misch, Peter, 1966, Tectonic evolution of the northern Cascade of Washington State—a west-cordilleran case history, in Symposium on the tectonic history, mineral deposits of the western Cordillera in British Columbia and in neighboring parts of the U.S.A.: Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Special Volume, v. 8, p. 101-148.

---1977, Dextral displacements at some major strike faults in the North Cascades [abs.], in Geological Association of Canada Cordilleran Section 1977 meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, Programme with Abstracts, v. 2, p. 37.

Mogk, D.W., 1978, Contact metamorphism of carbonate rocks at Cave Ridge, Snoqualmie Pass, Washington: Seattle, University of Washington, M.S. thesis, 110 p.

Mullineaux, D.R., 1970, Geology of the Renton, Auburn, and Black Diamond quadrangles, King County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 672, 92 p.

---1974, Pumice and other pyroclastic deposits in Mount Rainier National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1326, 83 p.

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---1981, Palynologic biostratigraphy of some early Tertiary nonmarine formations in central and western Washington, in Armentrout, J.M., ed., Pacific Northwest Cenozoic biostratigraphy: Geological Society of America Special Paper 184, p. 49-65.

Ort, K.M., Tabor, R.W., and Frizzell, V.A., Jr., 1983, Chemical analyses of selected Tertiary and Quaternary volcanic rocks, Cascade Range, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-1, 14 p.

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Sources (keyed to map by number) of map compilation data for Snoqualmine Pass 1:100,000 sheet.

sources of data map A
Map A, for areas 10 and 20 much data used with little to modest modifications. All other areas, some data used.
sources of data map B
Map B, areas consulted extensively but not used directly in compilation.

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