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Geologic Reports about the Cuyama 30 x 60 Degree Quadrangle Region

110K scale map index of Southern California showing the location of the Cuyama 30 x 60 degree Quadrangle Location map of the Cuyama 30 x 60 Degree Quadrangle

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The Cuyama 30' x 60' quadrangle is in a region of major geologic structures and geologically recent to ongoing structural deformation. The "Big Bend" segment of the San Andreas fault traverses the northeastern part of the quadrangle, just a few miles southeast of the epicenter of the 1857 Fort Tejon earthquake. This fault segment is oriented nearly east-west in contrast to the northwesterly orientation of the San Andreas fault in other areas. Converging on the San Andreas fault in this area are various east-west-oriented high-angle and low-angle faults of the western Transverse Ranges province, including possible blind thrusts akin to those that triggered the 1994 Northridge earthquake. To the west, the Cuyama Valley and adjacent mountains of the Coast Ranges are a geologically complex region where long-lived marine and nonmarine deposition and subsequent contractional deformation have created a setting for some of California's best-producing oil fields. Geologic mapping and related investigations in the Cuyama 30' x 60' quadrangle are need to further clarify the geometry and evolution of these major geologic features and their significance for the tectonic development and earthquake hazard potential of southern California.

Selected Publications about the geology of the Cuyama 30 x 60 Degree Quadrangle region

Paper Geologic Maps

Dibblee, T. W., Jr., 1972, Geologic maps of fourteen 15-minute quadrangles along the San Andreas fault in the vicinity of Paso Robles and Cholame southeastward to Maricopa and Cuyama, California, with index map (Shandon, Orchard Peak, "Blackwells Corner", Pozo, La Panza, Simmler, "McKittrick", Branch Mountain, Caliente Mountain, "Fellows", "Taft", McPherson Peak, Salisbury Canyon, and Ventucopa): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Map 72-89, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1973, Geologic maps of the Santiago Creek, Eagle Rest Peak, Pleito Hills, Grapevine, and Pastoria Creek quadrangles, Kern County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-57, scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1974, Geologic map of San Emigdio quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1985, Geologic map of the Wheeler Springs quadrangle, Ventura County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map [DF-01], scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1985, Geologic map of the Old Man Mountain quadrangle, Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-02 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1986, Geologic map of the Hildreth Peak quadrangle, Santa Barbara County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-03 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1986, Geologic map of the Little Pine Mountain quadrangle, Santa Barbara County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-05 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1987, Geologic map of the San Marcos Pass quadrangle, Santa Barbara County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-08 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1987, Geologic map of the Lake Cachuma quadrangle, Santa Barbara County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-10 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1987, Geologic map of the Lion Canyon quadrangle, Ventura County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-14 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1993, Geologic map of the Figueroa Mountain quadrangle, Santa Barbara County, California: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-43 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1996, Geologic map of the Topatopa Mountains quadrangle, Ventura County: Dibblee Geological Foundation, Map DF-60 (Ehrenspeck, H.E., ed.), scale 1:24,000.

Kellogg, K.S., 1999, Geologic map of the Lockwood Valley quadrangle, Ventura County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-130, scale 1:24,000.

Ross, D.C., 1972, Geologic map of the pre-Cenozoic basement rocks, Gabilan Range, Monterey and San Benito Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-357, scale 1:125,000.

Tennyson, M.E., Beeman, W. R., and Urban, Stephanie B., 1995, Preliminary digital geologic map of the Santa Maria 30' X 60' quadrangle, California, in ARC/INFO, with exploration well locations and subsurface formation depths: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-25, scale 1:100,000.

Vedder, J. G., Dibblee, T. W., Jr., and Brown, R. D., Jr., 1973, Geologic map of the upper Mono Creek-Pine Mountain area, California, showing rock units and structures offset by the Big Pine fault: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-752, scale 1:48,000.

Vedder, J.C., Howell, D.G., McLean, Hugh, Stanley, R.G., and Wiley, T.J., 1991, Geologic map of the Tepusquet Canyon and Manzanita Mountain quadrangles: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-109, scale 1:24,000.

Vedder, J.G., Howell, D.G., and McLean, Hugh, 1994, Preliminary geologic map of Bates Canyon and part of Peak Mountain quadrangles, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-128, 1:24,000 scale.

Vedder, J.G., McLean, Hugh, and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Preliminary geologic map of Big Pine Mtn. quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-554, scale 1:24,000.


Basin-Evolution and Clast-Provenance Studies

Blake, G.H., 1991, Review of the Neogene biostratigraphy and stratigraphy of the Los Angeles basin and implications for basin evolution, in Biddle, K.T., ed., Active margin basins: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 52, p. 135-184.

Goodman, E.D., and Malin, R.E., 1992, Evolution of the southern San Joaquin Basin and mid-Tertiary "transitional" tectonics, central California: Tectonics, v. 11, p. 478-498.

Howell, D.G., Champion, D.E., and Vedder, J.G., 1987, Terrane accretion, crustal kinematics, and basin evolution, southern California, in Ingersoll, R.A., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, p. 242-258.

Luyendyk, B.P., and Hornafius, J.S., 1987, Neogene crustal rotations, fault slip, and basin development in southern California, in Ingersoll, R.V., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 259-283.

McCrory, P.A., Wilson, D.S., Ingle, J.C., Jr., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Neogene tectonic evolution of Santa Maria basin, California, and its relationship to transfer of central California to the Pacific plate: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-J, p. J1-J38.

Nilsen, T.H., and Clarke, S.H., Jr., 1975, Sedimentation and tectonics in the early Tertiary continental borderland of central California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 925, 64 p.

Yokoyama, C.E., Cole, R.B., Schwartz, R.K., and Stanley, R.G., 1996, Provenance evaluation using sandstone petrography in a middle Tertiary extensional basin, Plush Ranch Formation, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 3, p. 111.


Crystalline Basement-Rock Studies

Ague, J.J., and Brimhall, G.H., 1988, Magmatic arc asymmetry and distribution of anomalous plutonic belts in the batholiths of California: effects of assimilation, crustal thickness, and depth of crystallization: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 912-927.

Ague, J.J., and Brimhall, G.H., 1988, Regional variations in bulk chemistry, mineralogy, and the compositions of mafic and accessory minerals in the batholiths of California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 891-911.

Ross, D.C., 1970, Quartz gabbro and anorthositic gabbro: Markers of offset along the San Andreas fault in the California Coast Ranges: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 81, p. 3647-3662.

Ross, D.C., 1972, Petrographic and chemical reconnaissance study of some granitic and gneissic rocks near the San Andreas fault from Bodega Head to Cajon Pass, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 698, 92 p.

Ross, D.C., 1974, Map showing basement geology and location of wells drilled to basement Salinian block, central and southern Coast Ranges, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-588, scale 1:500,000.

Ross, D.C., 1976, Metagraywacke in the Salinian block, central Coast Ranges, California-and a possible correlative across the San Andreas fault: U.S. Geological Survey Journal of Research, v. 5, p. 683-696.

Ross, D.C., 1977, Pre-intrusive metasedimentary rocks of the Salinian block, California-a paleotectonic dilemma, in Stewart, J.H., Stevens, C.H., and Fritsche, A.E., eds., Paleozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 1, p. 371-380.

Ross, D.C., 1978, The Salinian block-a Mesozoic granitic orphan in the California Coast Ranges, in Howell, D.G., and McDougall, K.A., eds., Mesozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 2, p. 509-522.

Ross, D.C., 1984, Possible correlations of basement rocks across the San Andreas, San Gregorio-Hosgri, and Rinconada-Reliz-King City faults, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1317, 37 p.

Ross, D.C., 1986, Basement-rock correlations across the White Wolf-Breckenridge-southern Kern Canyon fault zone, southern Sierra Nevada, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1651, 25 p.

Sorensen, S.S., 1985, Petrologic evidence for Jurassic, island arc-like basement rocks in the southwestern Transverse Ranges and California Continental Borderland: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 96, p. 997-1006.

Sorensen, S.S., 1988, Tectonometamorphic significance of the basement rocks of the Los Angeles basin and the inner Continental Borderland, in Ernst, W.G., ed., Metamorphism and crustal evolution of the western United States (Rubey Volume VII): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 998-1022.


Fault-History Studies

Clarke, S.H., Jr., and Nilsen, T.H., 1973, Displacement of Eocene strata and implications for the history of offset along the San Andreas fault, central and northern California, in Kovich, R.L., and Nur, A., eds., Proceedings, Conference on Tectonic Problems of the San Andreas Fault System: Stanford University Publications in the Geological Sciences, v. 13, p. 358-367.

Howell, D.G., 1975, Early and Middle Eocene shoreline offset by the San Andreas fault, southern California, in Crowell, J.C., ed. San Andreas fault in southern California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 118, p. 69-74.

Howell, D.G., 1975, Hypothesis suggesting 700 km of right slip in California along northwest-oriented faults: Geology, v. 3, p. 81-83.

Matti, J.C., and Morton, D.M., 1993, Paleogeographic evolution of the San Andreas fault in southern California: a reconstruction based on a new cross-fault correlation, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., II, and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 107-159.

Nilsen, T.H., 1984, Offset along the San Andreas fault of Eocene strata from the San Juan Bautista area and the western San Emigdio Mountains, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 95, p. 599-609.

Powell, R.E., 1993, Balanced palinspastic reconstruction of pre-Late Cenozoic paleogeology, southern California: geologic and kinematic constraints on evolution of the San Andreas fault system, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 1-106.

Weldon, R.J., II, Meisling, K.E., and Alexander, J., 1993, A speculative history of the San Andreas Fault in the central Transverse Ranges, California, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 161-198.


Paleomagnetism Studies

Champion, D.E., Howell, D.G., and Gromme, C.S., 1984, Paleomagnetic and geologic data indicating 2500 km of northward displacement for the Salinian and related terranes, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, no. B9, p. 7736-7752.

Champion, D.E., Howell, D.G., and Marshall, M., 1986, Paleomagnetism of Cretaceous and Eocene strata, San Miguel Island, California Borderland and the northward translation of Baja California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 11557-11570.

Kamerling, M.J., and Luyendyk, B.P., 1979, Tectonic rotations of the Santa Monica Mountains region, western Transverse Ranges, California, suggested by paleomagnetic vectors: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, p. 331-337.

Kamerling, M.J., and Luyendyk, B.P., 1985, Paleomagnetism and Neogene tectonics of the northern Channel Islands, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, no. B14, p. 12,485-12,502.

Luyendyk, B.P., and Hornafius, J.S., 1987, Neogene crustal rotations, fault slip, and basin development in southern California, in Ingersoll, R.V., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 259-283.

Luyendyk, B.P., Kamerling, M.J., and Terres, R.R., 1980, Geometric model for Neogene crustal rotations in southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 91, p. 211-217.

Luyendyk, B.P., Kamerling, M.J., Terres, R.R., and Hornafius, J.S., 1985, Simple shear of southern California during Neogene time suggested by paleomagnetic declinations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, no. B14, p. 12454-12466.

Terres, R.R., and Luyendyk, B.P., 1985, Neogene tectonic rotation of the San Gabriel region, California, suggested by paleomagnetic vectors: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, no. B14, p. 12467-12484.


Tectonics, Geologic-Setting, and Structural Studies

Bird, P., and Rosenstock R.W., 1984, Kinematics of present crust and mantle flow in southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 95, p. 946-957.

Blake, M.C., Jr., Campbell, R.H., Dibblee, T.W., Jr., Howell, D.G., Nilsen, T.H., Normark, W.R., Vedder, J.G., and Silver, E.A., 1978, Neogene basin formation in relation to plate-tectonic evolution of San Andreas fault system: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 62, p. 344-372.

Buckner, G.T., Baker, E.D., and Frost, E.G., 1991, Mid-Tertiary detachment faulting in the Cuyama Basin and Lockwood Valley area, southern California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, p. A131-A132.

Campbell, R.H., and Yerkes, R.F., 1976, Cenozoic evolution of the Los Angeles basin area--relation to plate tectonics, in Howell, David G., ed., Aspects of the geologic history of the California Continental borderland: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Miscellaneous Publication 24, p. 541-558.

Carman, M.F., Jr., 1964, Geology of the Lockwood Valley area, Kern and Ventura Counties, California: California Division of Mines Special Report 81, 62 p.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Middle Tertiary extension recorded by lacustrine fan-delta deposits, Plush Ranch basin, western Transverse Ranges, California: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. B65, no. 4, p. 455-468.

Crouch, J.K., 1979, Neogene tectonic evolution of the California Continental Borderland and western Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, p. 338-345.

Crouch, J.K., and Suppe, John, 1993, Late Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Los Angeles basin and inner California borderland: a model for core complex-like crustal extension: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 1415-1434.

Crowell, J.C., 1981, An outline of the tectonic history of southeastern California, in Ernst, W.G., ed., The geotectonic development of California (Rubey Volume I): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc., p. 583-600.

Davis, T.L., and Namson, J.S., 1994, A balanced cross section of the 1994 Northridge earthquake, southern California: Nature, v. 372, p. 167-169.

Davis, T.L., Namson, J., and Yerkes, R.F., 1989, A cross section of the Los Angeles area: seismically active fold and thrust belt, the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, and earthquake hazard: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 9644-9664.

Eaton, J.P., and Rymer, M.J., 1990, Regional seismotectonic model for the southern Coast Ranges, chapter 7 of Rymer, M.J., and Ellsworth, W.L., eds. The Coalinga, California, earthquake of May 2, 1983: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1487, p. 97-111.

Glazner, A.F., and Loomis, D.P., 1984, Effect of subduction of the Mendocino fracture zone on Tertiary sedimentation in southern California: Sedimentary Geology, v. 38, p. 287-303.

Goodman, E.D., and Malin, R.E., 1992, Evolution of the southern San Joaquin Basin and mid-Tertiary "transitional" tectonics, central California: Tectonics, v. 11, p. 478-498.

Hadley, David, and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1977, Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1469-1478.

Hendrix, E.D., and Ingersoll, R.V., 1987, Tectonics and alluvial sedimentation of the upper Oligocene/lower Miocene Vasquez Formation, Soledad Basin, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 98, p. 647-663.

Hoots, H.W., 1930, Geology and oil resources along the southern border of the San Joaquin Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 812, p. 243-332.

Howell, D.G., Stuart, C.J., Platt, J.P., and Hill, D.J., 1974, Possible strike-slip faulting in the southern California borderland: Geology, v. 2, no. 2, p. 93-98.

Howell, D.G., Champion, D.E., and Vedder, J.G., 1987, Terrane accretion, crustal kinematics, and basin evolution, southern California, in Ingersoll, R.A., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, p. 242-258.

Humphreys, E.D. and Clayton, R.W., 1990, Tomographic image of the southern California mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 19, 725-19,746.

Humphreys, E.D., and Hager, B.H., 1990, A kinematic model for the late Cenozoic development of southern California crust and upper mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no. B12, p. 19,747-19,762.

Jackson, J., and Molnar, P., 1990, Active faulting and block rotations in the western Transverse Ranges, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 22,073-22,087.

Keller, B., and Prothero, W., 1987, Western Transverse Ranges crustal structure: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, p. 7890-7906.

Keller, E.A., Zepeda, R.L., Rockwell, T.K., Ku, T.L., and Dinklage, W.S., 1998, Active tectonics at Wheeler Ridge, southern San Joaquin Valley, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 110, p. 298-310.

Keller, E.A., Seaver, D.B., Laduzinsky, D.L., Johnson, D.L., and Ku, T.L., 2000, Tectonic geomorphology of active folding over buried reverse faults: San Emigdio mountain front, southern San Joaquin Valley, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 112, p. 86-97.

Luyendyk, B.P., and Hornafius, J.S., 1987, Neogene crustal rotations, fault slip, and basin development in southern California, in Ingersoll, R.V., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 259-283.

Luyendyk, B.P., Kamerling, M.J., and Terres, R.R., 1980, Geometric model for Neogene crustal rotations in southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 91, p. 211-217.

Magistrale, H., and Zhou, H.-W., 1996, Lithologic control of the depth of earthquakes in southern California: Science, v. 273, p. 639-642.

Magistrale, Harold, and Day, Steven, 1999, Three-dimensional simulations of multisegment thrust fault ruptures: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 26, p. 2093-2096.

May, D.J., 1989, Late Cretaceous intra-arc thrusting in southern California: Tectonics, v. 8, p. 1159-1173.

McCrory, P.A., Wilson, D.S., Ingle, J.C., Jr., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Neogene tectonic evolution of Santa Maria basin, California, and its relationship to transfer of central California to the Pacific plate: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-J, p. J1-J38.

Minor, S.A., and Kellogg, K.S., 1997, A Smaller Big Pine Fault: New Interpretations of fault architecture in the Western Transverse Ranges, Southern California: EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 78, n. 46, p. F700.

Namson, J.S., and Davis, T.L., 1988, Seismically active fold and thrust belt in the San Joaquin Valley, central California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 257-273.

Namson, J.S., and Davis, T.L., 1988, Structural transect of the western Transverse Ranges, California: Implications for lithospheric kinematics and seismic risk evaluation: Geology, v. 16, p. 675-679.

Namson, J.S., and Davis, T.L., 1990, Late Cenozoic fold and thrust belt of the southern Coast Ranges and Santa Maria basin, California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, p. 467-492.

Nilsen, T.H., 1984, Offset along the San Andreas fault of Eocene strata from the San Juan Bautista area and the western San Emigdio Mountains, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 95, p. 599-609.

Ross, D.C., 1976, Metagraywacke in the Salinian block, central Coast Ranges, California-and a possible correlative across the San Andreas fault: U.S. Geological Survey Journal of Research, v. 5, p. 683-696.

Ross, D.C., 1977, Pre-intrusive metasedimentary rocks of the Salinian block, California-a paleotectonic dilemma, in Stewart, J.H., Stevens, C.H., and Fritsche, A.E., eds., Paleozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 1, p. 371-380.

Ross, D.C., 1978, The Salinian block-a Mesozoic granitic orphan in the California Coast Ranges, in Howell, D.G., and McDougall, K.A., eds., Mesozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 2, p. 509-522.

Ross, D.C., 1984, Possible correlations of basement rocks across the San Andreas, San Gregorio-Hosgri, and Rinconada-Reliz-King City faults, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1317, 37 p.

Ross, D.C., 1986, Basement-rock correlations across the White Wolf-Breckenridge-southern Kern Canyon fault zone, southern Sierra Nevada, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1651, 25 p.

Savage, J.C., and Lisowski, M., 1998, Viscoelastic coupling model of the San Andreas Fault along the big bend, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, no. B4, p. 7281-7292.

Sedlock, R.L., and Hamilton, D.H., 1991, Late Cenozoic tectonic evolution of southwestern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 2325-2351.

Shaw, J.H., and Shearer, P.M., 1999, An elusive blind-thrust fault beneath metropolitan Los Angeles: Science, v. 283, p. 1516-1518.

Shaw, J.H., and Suppe, J., 1994, Active faulting and growth folding in the eastern Santa Barbara Channel, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 607-626.

Shaw, J.H., and Suppe, J., 1996, Earthquake hazards of active blind-thrust faults under the central Los Angeles basin, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. B4, p. 8623-8642.

Shen, Z.-K., Jackson, D.D., and Ge, B.X., 1996, Crustal deformation across and beyond the Los Angeles basin from geodetic measurements: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 27,957-27,980.

Sorensen, S.S., 1988, Tectonometamorphic significance of the basement rocks of the Los Angeles basin and the inner Continental Borderland, in Ernst, W.G., ed., Metamorphism and crustal evolution of the western United States (Rubey Volume VII): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 998-1022.

Weldon, Ray, and Humphreys, Eugene, 1986, A kinematic model of southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, no. 1, p. 33-48.

Woodford, A.O., 1924, The Catalina Metamorphic Facies of the Franciscan series: University of California Publications in the Geological Sciences, v. 15, no. 3, p. 49-68.

Yeats, R.S., 1968, Rifting and rafting in the southern California borderland, in Dickinson, W.R., and Grantz, Arthur, eds., Proceedings of Conference on Geologic Problems of San Andreas Fault System: Stanford University Publications, Geological Sciences, v. 11, p. 307-322.

Yeats, R.S., 1968, Southern California structure, sea floor spreading, and history of the Pacific basin: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 79, p. 1693-1702.

Yeats, R.S., 1981, Quaternary flake tectonics of the California Transverse Ranges: Geology, v. 9, p. 16-20. Yeats, R.S., 1987, Changing tectonic styles in Cenozoic basins of southern California, in Ingersoll, R.V., and Ernst, W.G., eds., Cenozoic basin development of coastal California (Rubey Volume VI): Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, p. 284-298.

Yeats, R.S. and Rockwell, T.K., 1991, Quaternary geology of the Ventura and Los Angeles basins, California: in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U. S.: Geological Society of America, DNAG v. K-2, p. 185-189.

Yeats, R.S., Calhoun, J.A., Nevins, B.B., Schwing, H.F., and Spitz, H.M., 1989, Russell fault: early strike-slip fault of California Coast Ranges: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, p. 1089-1102.


Geophysical Maps and Investigations

Li, Y.-G., Henyey, T.L., and Silver, L.T., 1992, Aspects of the crustal structure of the western Mojave Desert, California, from seismic reflection and gravity data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, p. 8805-8816.

Malin, P.E., Goodman, E.D., Henyey, T.L., Li, Y.G., Okaya, D.A., and Saleeby, J.B., 1995, Significance of seismic reflections beneath a tilted exposure of deep continental crust, Tehachapi Mountains, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 2069-2087.

U.S. Geological Survey, 1996, Aeromagnetic map of parts of Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Bakersfield, Long Beach, and Santa Ana 1° by 2° quadrangle, California, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-550, scale 1:250,000.

U.S. Geological Survey, 1996, Aeromagnetic map of the Carrizo Plain area on parts of the Bakersfield, Los Angeles, and San Louis Obispo 1° by 2° quadrangles, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-692, scale 1:100,000.


Stratigraphic and Paleontologic Investigations


Armstrong, R.L., and Suppe, J., 1973, Potassium-argon geochronology of Mesozoic igneous rocks in Nevada, Utah, and southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 84, p. 1375-1392.

Barron, J. A., and Ramirez, P.C., 1992, Diatom stratigraphy of selected Sisquoc Formation sections, Santa Maria Basin, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-197, 23 p.

Berggren, W.A., Kent, D.V., Swisher, C.C., III, and Aubry, M-P., 1995, A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy, in Berggren, W.A., Kent, D.V., Aubry, M-P., and Hardenbol, J., eds., Geochronology, time scales and global stratigraphic correlation: Tulsa, Oklahoma, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication 54, p. 129-212.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1994, Sedimentology and origin of subaqueous pyroclastic sediment gravity flows in the Neogene Santa Maria basin, California: Sedimentology, v. 41, p. 37-54.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Middle Tertiary extension recorded by lacustrine fan-delta deposits, Plush Ranch basin, western Transverse Ranges, California: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. B65, no. 4, p. 455-468.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1998, Volcanic rocks of the Santa Maria province, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-R, p. R1-R35.

Dumont, M.P., and Barron, J.A., 1995. Diatom biochronology of the Sisquoc Formation in the Santa Maria Basin, California, and its paleoceanographic and tectonic implications, in Keller, M.A., ed., Evolution of Sedimentary Basins/Onshore Oil and Gas Investigations-Santa Maria Province: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995, p. K1-K17.

Foss, C.D., and Blaisdell, R., 1968, Stratigraphy of the west side of southern San Joaquin Valley, in Guidebook to geology and oil fields of west side southern San Joaquin Valley: Bakersfield, California, American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Section, 43rd Annual Meeting, Field Trip Guidebook, p. 33-43.

Hagstrum, J.T. and Murchey, B.L., 1993, Depostion of Upper Jurassic chert (Coast Range Ophiolite) at Stanley Mountain, California, near 30° N paleolatitude (abstract): EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 74, no. 43, p. 214.

Hagstrum, J.T. and Murchey, B.L., 1994, Deposition of Lower Jurassic radiolarian chert, San Rafael Mountains, California, within the equatorial zone of high biologic productivity: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program, v. 26, no. 2, p. 56.

Hendrix, E.D., and Ingersoll, R.V., 1987, Tectonics and alluvial sedimentation of the upper Oligocene/lower Miocene Vasquez Formation, Soledad Basin, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 98, p. 647-663.

McDougall, Kristin, and Lagoe, Martin, 1993, Foraminiferal data from the Balcom Canyon Section, Ventura Basin, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-386, 132 p.

McDougall, K., and Lagoe, M.B., 1994, Pliocene-Pleistocene biostratigraphy, paleoenvironments, and paleoceanography of the Ventura Basin, California, in Langer, M.R., and Bagi, H., editors, FORAMS 94: Paleobios, v.16 supplement to no. 2, p. 47.

Nilsen, T.H., 1973, Facies relations in the Eocene Tejon Formation of the San Emigdio Mountains, California, in Vedder, J.G., ed., Sedimentary facies changes in Tertiary rocks-California Transverse and southern Coast Ranges: Anaheim, California, American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Section, Field Trip Guidebook 2, p. 7-23.

Nilsen, T.H., 1987, Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Eocene Tejon Formation, western Tehachapi and San Emigdio Mountains, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1268, 110 p.

Nilsen, T.H., and Clarke, S.H., Jr., 1975, Sedimentation and tectonics in the early Tertiary continental borderland of central California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 925, 64 p.

Nilsen, T.H., Dibblee, T.W., Jr., and Addicott, W.O., 1973, Lower and middle Tertiary stratigraphic units of the San Emigdio and western Tehachapi Mountains, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1372-H, 23 p.

Popenoe, W.P., 1942, Upper Cretaceous formations and faunas of southern California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 26, no. 2, p. 162-187.

Sliter, W.V., McDougall, K.A., Vedder, J.G., and Whidden, K.J., 1994, Age and depositional history of Paleogene shallow-water limestone in the western Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 92.

Vedder, J.G., McLean, Hugh, Stanley, R.G., and Wiley, T.J., 1991, Paleogeographic implications of an erosional remnant of Paleogene rocks southwest of the Sur-Nacimiento fault zone, southern Coast Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 103, no. 7, p. 941-952.

Vedder, J.G., Stanley, R.G., McLean, Hugh, Cotton, M.L., Filewicz, M.V., and Vork, D.R., 1998, Age and tectonic inferences from a condensed (?) succession of Upper Cretaceous and Paleogene strata, Big Pine Mountain, Santa Barbara County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-S, p. S1-S33.

Whidden, K.J., Bottjer, D.J., Lund, S.P., and Sliter, W.V., 1993, Active margin carbonates as indicators of tectonism: Evidence from Paleogene limestones in the western Transverse Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 25, p. A-63.

Woodring, W.P., and Popenoe, W.P., 1942, Upper Cretaceous formations and faunas of southern California: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 26, no. 2, p. 166-176.


Surficial and Quaternary Investigations

Bullard, T.F., and Lettis, W.R., 1993, Quaternary fold deformation associated with blind thrust faulting, Los Angeles basin, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 98, no. B5, p. 8349-8369.

Johnson, D.L.; Keller, E.A., and Rockwell, T.K., 1981, The neotectonics and soil geomorphology of the Ventura River and central Ventura basin, California, in Logan, R.F., ed., American Association of Geographers Field Trip Guide for 1981, p. 42-60.

Ku, T.L., Bull, W.B., Freeman, S.T., and Knauss, K.G., 1979, 240Th-243U dating of pedogenic carbonates in gravelly desert soils of Vidal Valley, southeastern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, p. 1063-1073.

Lajoie, K.R., Kern, J.P., Wehmiller, J.F., Kennedy, G.L., Mathieson, S.A., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., Yerkes, R.F., and McCrory, P.F., 1979, Quaternary marine shorelines and crustal deformation, San Diego to Santa Barbara, California, in Abbott, P.L., ed., Geologic excursions in the southern California area: Geological Society of America, Volume and Guidebook, p. 3-15.

Lajoie, K.R., Ponti, D.J., Powell, C.L. II, Mathieson, S.A., and Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., 1991, Emergent marine strandlines and associated sediments, coastal California; a record of Quaternary sea-level fluctuations, vertical tectonic movements, climatic changes, and coastal processes, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U.S.: Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, vol. K-2, p. 190-214.

Muhs, D.R., Kennedy, G.L., and Rockwell, T.K., 1994, Uranium-series ages of marine terrace corals from the Pacific Coast of North America and implications for last-interglacial sea level history: Quaternary Research, v. 42, no. 1, p. 72-87.

Muhs, D.R., Rockwell, T.K., and Kennedy, G.L., 1992: Late Quaternary uplift rates of marine terraces on the Pacific coast of North America, southern Oregon to Baja California Sur: Quaternary International, v. 15/16, p. 121-133.

Ponti, D. J., Quinn, J. P., Hillhouse, J. W., and Powell, C. L., II, 1996, Quaternary chronostratigraphic constraints on deformation and blind-thrust faulting, northern Los Angeles Basin: EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 77, p. F644.


Thesis and Dissertation Investigations

Davis, T., 1983, Late Cenozoic structure and tectonic history of the western "Big Bend" of the San Andreas fault and adjacent San Emigdio Mountains: Santa Barbara, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, 580 p.

Hall, N.T., 1984, Late Quaternary history of the eastern Pleito thrust fault, northern Transverse Ranges, California: Stanford, California, Stanford University, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 314 p.

Henderson, M.T., 1993, A gravity and structural interpretation of the Los Angeles basin, California: Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University, unpublished thesis, 65 p.

Hummon, C., 1994, Subsurface Quaternary and Pliocene structures of the northern Los Angeles Basin, California: Corvallis, Oregon, Oregon State University, unpublished M.S. thesis.

Laduzinsky, D.L., 1989, Late Pleistocene-Holocene chronology and tectonics, San Emigdio Mountains, California: Santa Barbara, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 95 p.

Medwedeff, D.A., 1988, Structural analysis and tectonic significance of late Tertiary and Quaternary compressive-growth folding, San Joaquin Valley, California: Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 184 p.

Schneider, C.L., 1994, Pre-Pliocene structural geology and structural evolution of the northern Los Angeles Basin, California: Corvallis, Oregon, Oregon State University, unpublished M.S. thesis.

Seaver, D.B., 1986, Quaternary evolution and deformation of the San Emigdio Mountains and their alluvial fans, Transverse Ranges, California: Santa Barbara, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 116 p.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Middle Tertiary extension recorded by lacustrine fan-delta deposits, Plush Ranch basin, western Transverse Ranges, California: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. B65, no. 4, p. 455-468.

Cole, R.B., and Stanley, R.G., 1998, Volcanic rocks of the Santa Maria province, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-R, p. R1-R35.

Kellogg, K. S. and D. P. Miggins, 2002. Geologic Map of the
Sawmill Mountain Quadrangle, Kern and Ventura Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-406. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2002/ofr-02-406/

Kellogg, K.S.,2003, Geologic map of the Cuddy Valley Quadrangle, Kern and Ventura Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-153, scale 1:24,000.

Kellogg, K. S., 1999, Geologic Map of the Lockwood Valley Quadrangle, Ventura County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-0130. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1999/ofr-99-0130/

McCrory, P.A., Wilson, D.S., Ingle, J.C., Jr., and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Neogene geohistory analysis of Santa Maria basin, California, and its relationship to transfer of central California to the Pacific plate: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-J, p. J1-J38.

Minor, S. A., 1999, Preliminary geologic map of the San Guillermo Mountain quadrangle, Ventura County, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-032 , scale 1:24,000.

Minor, S.A., and Kellogg, K.S., 1997, A smaller Big Pine fault: New interpretations of fault architecture in the western Transverse Ranges, southern California: EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 78, no. 46, p. F700.

Stanley, R.G., and Vedder, J.G., 2000, New digital geologic map of the San Rafael Mtn. 7.5-minute quadrangle (Santa Barbara County, California) and a new interpretation of the Camuesa fault: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 84, no. 12, p. 1960.

Stanley, R.G., Stone, Paul, Vedder, J.G., McDougall, Kristin, Kellogg, K.S., Minor, S.A., and Premo, W.R., 1998, New 1:24,000-scale geologic mapping in the Cuyama 30 x 60 min. sheet, southern Coast Ranges and western Transverse Ranges, Calif.: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 65-66.

Stanley, R.G., Wilson, D.S., and McCrory, P.A., 2000, Locations and ages of middle Tertiary volcanic centers in coastal California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-154
, 27 p.

Stone, Paul, and Cosette, P.M., 2000, Geologic map and digital database of the Apache Canyon 7.5' quadrangle, Ventura and Kern Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-359
, scale 1:24,000.

U.S. Geological Survey, 1996, Aeromagnetic map of parts of Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Bakersfield, Long Beach, and Santa Ana 1º by 2º quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-550, 1:250,000 scale.

U.S. Geological Survey, 1996, Aeromagnetic map of the Carrizo Plain area on parts of the Bakersfield, Los Angeles, and San Louis Obispo 1º by 2º quadrangles, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-692, scale 1:100,000.

Vedder, J.G., Howell, D.G., and McLean, Hugh, 1994, Preliminary geologic map of Bates Canyon and part of Peak Mountain quadrangles, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-128, scale 1:24,000.

Vedder, J.G., McLean, Hugh, and Stanley, R.G., 1994, New 1:24,000-scale geologic maps show stratigraphic and structural relations that require reinterpretation of Cretaceous and Cenozoic tectonic events in the Sierra Madre-San Rafael Mountains area, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 100-101.

Vedder, J.G., McLean, Hugh, and Stanley, R.G., 1995, Preliminary geologic map of Big Pine Mtn. quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-554, scale 1:24,000.

Vedder, J.G., Stanley, R.G., McLean, Hugh, Cotton, M.L., Filewicz, M.V., and Vork, D.R., 1998, Age and tectonic inferences from a condensed (?) succession of Upper Cretaceous, Paleocene, and Eocene strata, Big Pine Mountain, Santa Barbara County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1995-S, p. S1-S33.

Vedder, J. G., and Stanley, R. G., 2001, Geologic Map and Digital Database of the San Rafael Mtn. 7.5-minute Quadrangle, Santa
Barbara County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 01-290. http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of01-290/

Yokoyama, C.E., Cole, R.B., Schwartz, R.K., and Stanley, R.G., 1996, Provenance evaluation using sandstone petrography in a middle Tertiary extensional basin, Plush Ranch Formation, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 3, p. 111.

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