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Southern California Areal Mapping Project

 

Selected References, San Gorgonio Pass

Table of Contents

Applied Geologic Investigations

Earthquake-History, Faulting-Recurrence, Slip-Rate, Paleo-Seismology, and Geodetic-Strain Investigations

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Investigations

Geologic Maps and Geologic Map Data Bases

 

Geologic-Setting, Tectonic, and Structural Investigations

Geophysical Maps and Investigations

Stratigraphic, Chronologic, Paleontologic, and Sedimentolgic Investigations

Surficial and Quaternary Investigations

Thesis and Dissertation Investigations


Applied Geologic Investigations

 

Geologic Hazards Studies

 

Fife, D.L., Rodgers, D.A., Chase, G.W., Chapman, R.H., and Sprotte, E.C., 1976, Geologic hazards in southwestern San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 113, 40 p.

Sharp, R.V., Rymer, M.J., and Morton, D.M., 1986, Trace-fractures on the Banning fault created in association with the 1986 North Palm Springs earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 76, p. 1838-1843.

Tan, S.S., 1990, Landslide hazards in the Yucaipa and Forest Falls [7.5'] quadrangles, San Bernardino County, California: Landslide Hazards Identification Map No. 18: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 90-05, scale 1:24,000.

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Mineral Resource Studies

Cox, B.F., Matti, J.C., Oliver, H.W., and Zilka, N.T., 1983, Mineral resource potential map of the San Gorgonio Wilderness, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1161-C, scale 1:62,500.

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., Obi, C.M., Powell, R.E., Hinkle, M.E., Griscom, Andrew, and McHugh, E.L., 1982, Mineral resource potential map of the Whitewater Wilderness Study Area, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1478, scale 1:24,000.

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., and Iverson, S.R., 1983, Mineral resource potential map of the Raywood Flat Roadless Area, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1563-A, scale 1:62,500.

Miller R.V., 1988, Classification of sand and gravel resource areas, San Bernardino Production-Consumption region [Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties, California]: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 143 (Part VII).

Shumway, D. and Silva, M. 1994, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County, the San Bernardino Valley area, part V: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 94-08, scale 1:48,000.

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Water Resource Studies

Bloyd, R.M., Jr., 1971, Underground storage of imported water in the San Gorgonio Pass area, southern California: Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 1999D.

Burnham, W.L., and Dutcher, L.C., 1960, Geology and ground-water hydrology of the Redlands-Beaumont area, California, with special reference to ground-water outflow: United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey-Ground Water Branch, Open-File Report, 352 p.

French, J.J., 1974, compiler, Maps of San Gorgonio Pass-upper Coachella Valley area, California, showing water-level contours, 1936 and 1966-67 with a tabulation of data on water wells: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, scale 1:62,500, 3 sheets.

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Earthquake-History, Faulting-Recurrence, Slip-Rate, Paleo-Seismology, and Geodetic-Strain Investigations

General Seismicity and Strain Studies

Allen, C.R., St. Amand, P., Richter, C.F., and Nordquist, J.M., 1965, Relationship between seismicity and geologic structure in the southern California region: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 55, no. 4, p. 753-797.

Jones, L.M., 1988, Focal mechanisms and the state of stress on the San Andreas fault in southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, no. B8, p. 8869-8891.

Hadley, David, and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1977, Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1469-1478.

Humphreys, E.D., and Hager, B.H., 1990, A kinematic model for the late Cenozoic development of southern California crust and upper mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no. B12, p. 19,747-19,762.

Humphreys, E.D., and Weldon, R.J., II, 1994, Deformation across the western United States: A local estimate of Pacific-North American transform deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 19,975-20,010.

Lisowski, M., Savage, J.C., and Prescott, W.H., 1991, The velocity field along the San Andreas fault in central and southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 96, p. 8369-8389.

National Earthquake Prediction Evaluation Council, 1988, Probabilities of large earthquakes occurring in California on the San Andreas fault: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 88-398, 62 p.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Petersen, M. D. and Wesnousky, S.G., 1994, Fault slip rates and earthquake histories for active faults in southern California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 84, No. 5, pp. 1608-1649.

Sykes, L.R., and Nishenko, S.P., 1984, Probabilities of occurrence of large plate-rupturing earthquakes for the San Andreas, San Jacinto, and Imperial faults, California, 1983-2003: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, no. B7, p. 59O5-5927.

Sykes, L.R., and Seeber, Leonardo, 1985, Great earthquakes and great asperities, San Andreas fault, southern California: Geology, v. 13, no. 12, p. 835-838.

Weldon, Ray, and Humphreys, Eugene, 1986, A kinematic model of southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, no. 1, p. 33-48.

Wesnousky, S.G., 1986, Earthquakes, Quaternary faults, and seismic hazards in California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12587-12631.

Wesnousky, S.G., 1988, Seismological and structural evolution of strike-slip faults: Nature, v. 335, No. 6188, p. 340-344.

Wesson, R.L., and Wallace, R.E., 1985, Predicting the next great earthquake in California: Scientific American, v. 252, no. 2, p. 35-43.

Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 1995, Seismic hazards in southern California: Probable earthquakes, 1994-2024: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 379-439.

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Eastern Transverse Ranges Fault Studies

Corbett, E.J., and Hearn, T.M., 1984, The depth of the seismic zone in the Transverse Ranges of southern California: Seismology Society of America, Earthquake Notes, v. 55, no. 1, p. 23.

Fuis, G., and Lamanuzzi, V., 1978, Seismicity of the eastern Transverse Ranges, southern California: EOS, American Geophysical Union Transactions, v. 59, no. 12, p. 1051.

Hadley, David, and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1977, Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1469-1478.

Hope, R.A., 1969, The Blue Cut fault, southeastern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 650-D, p. D116-D121.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Seeber, Leonardo, and Armbruster, J.G., 1995, The San Andreas fault system through the Transverse Ranges as illuminated by earthquakes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, no. B5, p. 8285-8310.

Webb, T.H., and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1985, Earthquake focal mechanisms in the eastern Transverse Ranges and San Emigdio Mountains, southern California, and evidence for a regional decollement: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 75, no. 3, p. 737-757.

Williams, P.L., Sykes, L.R., Nicholson, C., and Seeber, L., 1990, Seismotectonics of the easternmost Transverse Ranges, California: relevance for seismic potential of the southern San Andreas fault: Tectonics, v. 9, p. 185-204.

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San Andreas Fault Studies

Allen, C.R., 1957, San Andreas fault zone in San Gorgonio Pass, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 68, p. 319-350.

Allen, C.R., 1981, The modern San Andreas fault, in Ernst, W.G., ed., The geotectonic development of California [Rubey Volume I]: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall, Inc., p. 511-534.

Harden, J.W., and Matti, J.C., 1989, Holocene and late Pleistocene slip rates on the San Andreas fault in Yucaipa, California, using displaced alluvial-fan deposits and soil chronology: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1107-1117.

Nicholson, C., 1996, Seismic behavior of the southern San Andreas fault zone in the northern Coachella Valley, California: comparison of the 1948 and 1986 earthquake sequences: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 86, p. 1331-1349.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismic evidence for conjugate slip and block rotation within the San Andreas fault system, southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, p. 629-648.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Rasmussen, G.S., and Reeder, W.A., 1986, What happens to the real San Andreas fault at Cottonwood Canyon, San Gorgonio Pass, California? in Kooser, M.A., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Geology around the margins of the eastern San Bernardino Mountains: Redlands, California, Publications of the Inland Geological Society, v. 1, p. 57-62.

Sharp, R.V., Rymer, M.J., and Morton, D.M., 1986, Trace-fractures on the Banning fault created in association with the 1986 North Palm Springs earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 76, p. 1838-1843.

Sieh, K.E., 1986, Slip rate across the San Andreas fault and prehistoric earthquakes at Indio, California: EOS, American Geophysical Union Transactions, v. 67, p. 1200.

Weldon, R. J., and Matti, J. C., 1986, Geologic evidence for segmentation of the southern San Andreas fault: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 67, p 905-906.

Williams, P.L., and Sieh, K.E., 1987, Decreasing activity of the southernmost San Andreas fault during the past millennium: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 19, no. 7, p.; 891.

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San Gorgonio Pass Fault Studies

Jones, L.M., Hutton, L.K., Given, D.D., and Allen, C.R., 1986, The North Palm Springs, California, earthquake sequence of July, 1986: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 76, p. 1830-1837.

Magistrale, H., and Sanders, C., 1996, Evidence from precise earthquake hypocenters for segmentation of the San Andreas fault in San Gorgonio Pass: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 3031-3044.

Rasmussen, G.S., and Reeder, W.A., 1986, What happens to the real San Andreas fault at Cottonwood Canyon, San Gorgonio Pass, California? in Kooser, M.A., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Geology around the margins of the eastern San Bernardino Mountains: Redlands, California, Publications of the Inland Geological Society, v. 1, p. 57-62.

Sharp, R.V., Rymer, M.J., and Morton, D.M., 1986, Trace-fractures on the Banning fault created in association with the 1986 North Palm Springs earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 76, p. 1838-1843.

Williams, P.L., McGill, S.F., Sieh, K., Allen, C., and Louie, J., 1988, Triggered slip along the San Andreas Fault after the 8 July North Palm Springs earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 78, p. 1112-1122.

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Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Investigations

Kennedy, S.A., and Matti, J.C., 1999, Data-base model specifications for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project (SCAMP), version 2.0a: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-145, 45 p.

Matti, J.C., Miller, F.K., Powell, R.E., Kennedy, S.A., Bunyapanasarn, T.P., Koukladas, Catherine, Hauser, R.M., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-point attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-859, 51 p.

Matti, J.C., Miller, F.K., Powell, R.E., Kennedy, S.A., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-polygon attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-860, 248 p.

Matti, J.C., Powell, R.E., Miller, F.K., Kennedy, S.A., Ruppert, K.R., Morton, G.L., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-line attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-861, 96 p.

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Geologic Maps and Geologic-Map Data Bases

Paper Geologic Maps

Bortugno, E.J., and Spittler, T.E., 1986, Geologic map of the San Bernardino quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology, Map No.3A (Geology) of the Regional Geologic Map Series, scale 1:250,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1964, Geologic map of the San Gorgonio Mountain quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-431, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1967, Geologic map of the Morongo Valley quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-517, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1982, Geologic map of the Banning (15 Minute) Quadrangle, California: Santa Ana, South Coast Geological Society Geologic Map SCGS 2, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1982, Geologic map of the Palm Springs (15 Minute) Quadrangle, California: Santa Ana, South Coast Geological Society Geologic Map SCGS 3, scale 1:62,500.

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M., Cox, B.F., Carson, S.E., and Yetter, T.J., 1992, Geologic map of the Yucaipa 7.5' quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-446, 14 p., scale 1:24,000.

Morton, D.M., Cox, B.F., and Matti, J.C., 1980, Geologic map of the San Gorgonio Wilderness: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1164-A, scale 1:62,500.

Morton, D.M., Matti, J.C., and Cox, B.F., 1980, Geologic map of the San Jacinto Wilderness: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1159-A, scale 1:62,500.

Rogers, T.H., Compiler, 1965, Santa Ana sheet of Geologic map of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Rogers, T.H., Compiler, 1967, San Bernardino sheet of Geologic map of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Digital Geologic-Map Data Bases

Matti, J.C., and Morton, D.M., 2000, Digital geologic data base of the Cabazon 7.5' quadrangle, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-XXX, scale 1:24,000 (in preparation).

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., Carson, S.E., Yetter, T.J., and Morton, D.M., 2000, Digital geologic data base of the Beaumont 7.5' quadrangle, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-XXX, scale 1:24,000 (in preparation).

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M., Cox, B.F., Carson, S.C., and Yetter, T.J., 2000, Digital geologic data base of the Yucaipa 7.5' quadrangle, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, southern California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2000-XXX, scale 1:24,000 (in press).

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Geologic-Setting, Tectonic, and Structural Investigations

Basin-Evolution and Clast-Provenance Studies

Albright, L.B., 1999, Magnetostratigraphy and biochronology of the San Timoteo Badlands, southern California, with implications for local Pliocene-Pleistocene tectonic and depositional patterns: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 1265-1293.

Sadler, P.M., 1993, The Santa Ana Basin of the central San Bernardino Mountains: evidence of the timing of uplift and strike slip relative to the San Gabriel Mountains, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 307-321.

Sadler, P.M., and Demirer, Ali, 1986, Geology of upper Mill Creek and Santa Ana Canyon, southern San Bernardino Mountains, California, field trip 12 of Ehlig, P.L., compiler, Neotectonics and faulting in southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 82nd Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, California, 1986, Guidebook and Volume, p. 129-140.

Sadler, P.M., and Reeder, W.A., 1983, Upper Cenozoic quartzite-bearing gravels of the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: recycling and mixing as a result of transpressional uplift, in Anderson, D.W., and Rymer, M.J., eds., Tectonics and sedimentation along faults of the San Andreas system: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, p. 45-57.

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Crystalline Basement-Rock Studies

Ehlig, P.L., 1988, Characteristics of basement rocks exposed near the Cajon Pass scientific drill hole, in Zoback, M.D., Silver, L.T., Henyey, Thomas, and Thatcher, Wayne, eds., Scientific drilling near the San Andreas fault: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 15, no. 9 (supplement), p. 949-952.

Frizzell, V.A., Jr., Mattinson, J.M., and Matti, J.C., 1986, Distinctive Triassic megaporphyritic monzogranite: evidence for only 160 km offset along the San Andreas fault, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B14, p. 14,080-14,088.

Jacobson, C.E., and Dawson, M.R., 1995, Structural and metamorphic evolution of the Orocopia Schist and related rocks, southern California: evidence for late movement on the Orocopia fault: Tectonics, v. 14, no. 4, p. 933-944.

Jacobson, C.E., Oyarzabal, F.R., and Haxel, G.B., 1996, Subduction and exhumation of the Pelona-Orocopia-Rand schists, southern California: Geology, v. 24, no. 6, p. 547-550.

Sharp, R.V., 1979, Some characteristics of the eastern Peninsular Ranges mylonite zone, in Analysis of actual fault zones in bedrock: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-1239, p. 258-267.

Theodore, T.G., 1970, Petrogenesis of mylonites of high metamorphic grade in the Peninsular Ranges of southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 81, p. 435-450.

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Fault-History Studies

Dillon, J.T., and Ehlig, P.L., 1993, Displacement on the southern San Andreas fault, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 199-216.

Frizzell, V.A., Jr., Mattinson, J.M., and Matti, J.C., 1986, Distinctive Triassic megaporphyritic monzogranite: evidence for only 160 km offset along the San Andreas fault, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B14, p. 14,080-14,088.

Matti, J.C., and Morton, D.M., 1993, Paleogeographic evolution of the San Andreas fault in southern California: a reconstruction based on a new cross-fault correlation, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., II, and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 107-159.

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M. and Cox, B.F., 1985, Distribution and geologic relations of fault systems in the vicinity of the central Transverse Ranges, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-365, 27 p., scale 1:250,000.

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M. and Cox, B.F., 1992, The San Andreas fault system in the vicinity of the central Transverse Ranges province, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-354, 40 p., scale 1:250,000.

Morton, D.M., and Matti, J.C., 1993, Extension and contraction within an evolving divergent strike-slip fault complex: the San Andreas and San Jacinto fault zones at their convergence in southern California, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 217-230.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismic evidence for conjugate slip and block rotation within the San Andreas fault system, southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, p. 629-648.

Powell, R.E., 1993, Balanced palinspastic reconstruction of pre-Late Cenozoic paleogeology, southern California: geologic and kinematic constraints on evolution of the San Andreas fault system, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 1-106.

Ramirez, V.R., 1983, Hungry Valley Formation: evidence for 220 kilometers of post Miocene offset on the San Andreas fault, in Anderson, D.W. and Rymer, M.J., eds., Tectonics and sedimentation along faults of the San Andreas system: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, p. 33-44.

Sadler, P.M., 1993, The Santa Ana Basin of the central San Bernardino Mountains: evidence of the timing of uplift and strike slip relative to the San Gabriel Mountains, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 307-321.

Sadler, P.M., Demirer, Ali, West, David, and Hillenbrand, J.M., 1993, The Mill Creek Basin, the Potato Sandstone, and fault strands in the San Andreas fault zone south of the San Bernardino Mountains, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 289-306.

Weldon, R.J., II, Meisling, K.E., and Alexander, J., 1993, A speculative history of the San Andreas Fault in the central Transverse Ranges, California, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 161-198.

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Paleomagnetism Studies

Albright, L.B., 1999, Magnetostratigraphy and biochronology of the San Timoteo Badlands, southern California, with implications for local Pliocene-Pleistocene tectonic and depositional patterns: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 1265-1293.

Hehn, V.N., MacFadden, B.J., Albright, L.B., and Woodburne, M.O., 1996, Magnetic polarity stratigraphy and possible differential tectonic rotation of the Miocene-Pliocene mammal-bearing San Timoteo Badlands, southern California: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 141, p. 35-49.

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Tectonics, Geologic-Setting, and Structural Studies

Ague, J.J., and Brimhall, G.H., 1988, Regional variations in bulk chemistry, mineralogy, and the compositions of mafic and accessory minerals in the batholiths of California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 891-911.

Ague, J.J., and Brimhall, G.H., 1988, Magmatic arc asymmetry and distribution of anomalous plutonic belts in the batholiths of California: effects of assimilation, crustal thickness, and depth of crystallization: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 100, p. 912-927.

Albright, L.B., 1999, Magnetostratigraphy and biochronology of the San Timoteo Badlands, southern California, with implications for local Pliocene-Pleistocene tectonic and depositional patterns: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 111, p. 1265-1293.

Allen, C.R., 1957, San Andreas fault zone in San Gorgonio Pass, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 68, p. 319-350.

Axen, G.J., 1998, Implications of late Cenozoic detachment faulting along the northeastern Peninsular Ranges, California and Baja California Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 4.

Axen, G.J., and Fletcher, J.M., 1998, Late Miocene-Pleistocene detachment faulting, northern Gulf of California, Mexico and Salton Trough, California: International Geology Review, v. 40, p. 217-244.

Axen, G.J., Stockley, D.F., Farkey, K.A., and Fletcher, J.M., 1998, Thermochronometric and sedimentologic evidence for late Miocene-Pleistocene detachment faulting during formation of Laguna Salada, Baja California and the Salton Trough, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 4.

Baird, A.K., Morton, D.M., Baird, K.W., and Woodford, A.O., 1974, Transverse Ranges province: a unique structural-petrochemical belt across the San Andreas fault system: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 85, p. 163-174.

Baird, A.K., Baird, K.W., and Welday, E.E., 1979, Batholithic rocks of the northern Peninsular and Transverse Ranges, southern California, in Abbott, P.L., and Todd, V.R., eds., Mesozoic crystalline rocks: Peninsular Ranges batholith and pegmatites, Point Sal Ophiolite: San Diego State University, Department of Geological Sciences, manuscripts and road logs prepared for the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, p. 111-

Barth, A.P., Tosdal, R.M., and Wooden, J.L., 1993, Pb and Sr isotopic constraints on lithospheric magma sources during Mesozoic continental arc initiation, southern California: Geological Society of America Programs with Abstracts, v. 25, no. 5, p. 6.

Barth, A.P., Ehlig, P.L., and Wooden, J.L., 1993, Geology of 1.7 GA (?) Baldwin Gneiss in the Baldwin Lake type area, San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Programs with Abstracts, v. 25, no. 5, p. 6-7.

Corbett, E.J., and Hearn, T.M., 1984, The depth of the seismic zone in the Transverse Ranges of southern California: Seismological Society of America, Earthquake Notes, v. 55, no. 1, p. 23.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1968, Displacements on San Andreas fault system in San Gabriel, San Bernardino, and San Jacinto Mountains, southern California, in Dickinson, W.R., and Grantz, Arthur, eds., Proceedings of conference on geologic problems of San Andreas fault system: Stanford University Publications in Geological Sciences, v. XI, p. 269-278.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1975, Late Quaternary uplift of the San Bernardino Mountains on the San Andreas and related faults, in Crowell, J.C., ed., San Andreas fault in southern California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 118, p. 127-135.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1982, Geology of the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California, in Fife, D.L., and Minch, J.A., eds., Geology and mineral wealth of the California Transverse Ranges: South Coast Geological Society Guidebook no. 10 (Mason Hill volume), p. 148-169.

Dickinson, W.R., 1997, Kinematics of transrotational tectonism in the California Transverse Ranges and its contribution to cumulative slip along the San Andreas transform fault system: Geological Society of America Special Paper 305, 46 p.

Dickinson, W.R., and Snyder, W.S., 1979, Geometry of triple junctions related to the San Andreas transform: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 84, no. B2, p. 561-572.

Dickinson, W.R., and Snyder, W.S., 1979, Geometry of subducted slabs related to San Andreas transform: Journal of Geology, v. 87, p. 609-627.

Ehlig, P.L., 1977, Structure of the San Andreas fault zone in San Gorgonio Pass, southern California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9., no. 4, p. 416.

Ehlig, P.L., 1982, The Vincent thrust: its nature, paleogeographic reconstruction across the San Andreas fault, and bearing on the evolution of the Tranverse Ranges, in Fife, D.L., and Minch, J.A., eds., Geology and mineral wealth of the California Transverse Ranges: South Coast Geological Society Guidebook no. 10 (Mason Hill volume), p. 370-379.

Erskine, B.E., and Wenk, H.-R., 1985, Evidence for late Cretaceous crustal thinning in the Santa Rosa mylonite zone, southern California: Geology, v. 13, p. 274-277.

Fraser, D.M., 1931, Geology of San Jacinto Quadrangle south of San Gorgonio Pass: California Journal of Mines and Geology, v. 27, no. 4, p. 494-540.

Fuis, G., and Lamanuzzi, V., 1978, Seismicity of the eastern Transverse Ranges, southern California: EOS, American Geophysical Union Transactions, v. 59, no. 12, p. 1051.

George, R.G., and Dokka, R.K., 1994, Cretaceous cooling events in the eastern Peninsular Ranges, California, and their implications for Cordilleran tectonics: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, p. 903-914.

Hadley, David, and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1977, Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1469-1478.

Humphreys, E.D. and Clayton, R.W., 1990, Tomographic image of the southern California mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 19, 725-19,746.

Humphreys, E.D., and Hager, B.H., 1990, A kinematic model for the late Cenozoic development of southern California crust and upper mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no. B12, p. 19,747-19,762.

Humphreys, E.D., and Weldon, R.J., II, 1994, Deformation across the western United States: A local estimate of Pacific-North American transform deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 19,975-20,010.

Ichinose, Gene, Day, Steven, Magistrale Harold, Prush, Ted, Vernon, Frank, and Edelman, Adam, 1996, Crustal thickness variations beneath the Peninsular Ranges, southern California: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 23, no. 22, p. 3095-3098.

Jacobson, C.E., 1983, Relationship of deformation and metamorphism of the Pelona Schist to movement on the Vincent thrust, San Gabriel Mountains, southern California: American Journal of Science, v. 283, p. 587-604.

Jacobson, C.E., 1990, The 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Pelona Schist and related rocks, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no., B1, p. 509-528.

Jacobson, C.E., and Dawson, M.R., 1995, Structural and metamorphic evolution of the Orocopia Schist and related rocks, southern California: evidence for late movement on the Orocopia fault: Tectonics, v. 14, no. 4, p. 933-944.

Jacobson, C.E., Oyarzabal, F.R., and Haxel, G.B., 1996, Subduction and exhumation of the Pelona-Orocopia-Rand schists, southern California: Geology, v. 24, no. 6, p. 547-550.

Jahns, R.H., 1954, Geology of the Peninsular Range province, southern California and Baja California, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of southern California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 170, p. 29-52 of Chapter II, Geology of the natural provinces.

Joseph, S.E., Criscione, J.J., Davis, T.E., and Ehlig, P.L., 1982, The Lowe igneous pluton, in Fife, D.L., and Minch, J.A., eds., Geology and mineral wealth of the California Tranverse Ranges: South Coast Geological Society Guidebook no. 10 (Mason Hill volume), p. 307-309.

Li, Y-G, Henyey, T.L., and Leary, P.C., 1992, Seismic reflection constraints on the structure of the crust beneath the San Bernardino Mountains, Transverse Ranges, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. B6, p. 8817-8830.

Magistrale, Harold, and Sanders, Christopher, 1995, P-wave image of the Peninsular Ranges batholith, southern California: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 22, no. 18, p. 2549-2552.

Magistrale, H., and Sanders, C., 1996, Evidence from precise earthquake hypocenters for segmentation of the San Andreas fault in San Gorgonio Pass: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 3031-3044.

Magistrale, H., and Zhou, H.-W., 1996, Lithologic control of the depth of earthquakes in southern California: Science, v. 273, p. 639-642.

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M. and Cox, B.F., 1985, Distribution and geologic relations of fault systems in the vicinity of the central Transverse Ranges, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-365, 27 p., scale 1:250,000.

Matti, J.C., Morton, D.M. and Cox, B.F., 1992, The San Andreas fault system in the vicinity of the central Transverse Ranges province, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-354, 40 p., scale 1:250,000.

May, D.J., 1989, Late Cretaceous intra-arc thrusting in southern California: Tectonics, v. 8, p. 1159-1173.

May, D.J., and Walker, N.W., 1989, Late Cretaceous juxtaposition of metamorphic terranes in the southeastern San Gabriel Mountains, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1246-1267.

Meisling, K.E., and Weldon, R.J., 1989, Late Cenozoic tectonics of the northwestern San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 106-128.

Miller, F.K., and Morton, D.M., 1980, Potassium-Argon geochronology of the eastern Transverse Ranges and southern Mojave Desert, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1152, 30 p.

Nicholson, C., 1996, Seismic behavior of the southern San Andreas fault zone in the northern Coachella Valley, California: comparison of the 1948 and 1986 earthquake sequences: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 86, p. 1331-1349.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismic evidence for conjugate slip and block rotation within the San Andreas fault system, southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, p. 629-648.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Noble, L.F., 1926, The San Andreas rift and some other active faults in the desert region of southeastern California: Carnegie Institute of Washington Yearbook No. 25 (1925-1926), p. 415-435.

Noble, L.F., 1932, The San Andreas rift in the desert region of southeastern California: Carnegie Institute of Washington Year Book 31, p. 355-363.

Noble, L.F., 1933, Excursion to the San Andreas fault and Cajon Pass, in Gale, H.S., ed., southern California: 16th International Geological Congress, Guidebook 15, 68 p.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, An introduction to the San Bernardino Mountains as the product of young orogenesis, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 57-65.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Provenance and structure of late Cenozoic sediments in the northeast San Bernardino Mountains, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 83-92.

Sanders, C.O., and Kanamori, Hiroo, 1984, A seismotectonic analysis of the Anza seismic gap, San Jacinto fault zone, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, no. B7, p. 5873-5890.

Seeber, Leonardo, and Armbruster, J.G., 1995, The San Andreas fault system through the Transverse Ranges as illuminated by earthquakes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, no. B5, p. 8285-8310.

Sharp, R.V., 1967, San Jacinto fault zone in the Peninsular Ranges of southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 78, p. 705-730.

Sharp, R.V., 1979, Some characteristics of the eastern Peninsular Ranges mylonite zone, in Analysis of actual fault zones in bedrock: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-1239, p. 258-267.

Silver, L.T., 1971, Problems of crystalline rocks of the Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 3, no. 2, p. 193-194.

Stock, J.M., and Hodges, K.V., 1989, Pre-Pliocene extension around the Gulf of California and the transfer of Baja California to the Pacific plate: Tectonics, v. 8, p. 99-115.

Sykes, L.R., and Nishenko, S.P., 1984, Probabilities of occurrence of large plate-rupturing earthquakes for the San Andreas, San Jacinto, and Imperial faults, California, 1983-2003: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, no. B7, p. 59O5-5927.

Spotilla, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronology: Tectonics, v. 17, no. 3, p. 360-378.

Todd, V.R., Erskine, B.G., and Morton, D.M., 1988, Metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the northern Peninsular Ranges batholith, southern California, in Ernst, W.G., ed., Metamorphism and crustal evolution of the western United States (Rubey Volume VII): Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, p. 894-937.

Vaughan, F.E., 1922, Geology of the San Bernardino Mountains north of San Gorgonio Pass: California University Publications in Geological Sciences, v. 13, p. 319-411.

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Geophysical Maps and Investigations

Jachens, R.C., 1992, Aeromagnetic map of the Palm Springs 1:100,000 scale quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-549, scale 1:100,000.

Jachens, R.C., and Langenheim, V.E., 1996, Aeromagnetic map of the San Bernardino 1:100,000-scale quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-284.

Ponce, D.A., and Langenheim, V.E., 1992, Isostatic residual gravity map of the Palm Springs 1:100,000 quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-702, scale 1:100,000.

Willingham, R.C., 1971, Basement fault geometries in the San Bernardino Valley and western San Gorgonio Pass area, southern California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 3, no. 2, p. 217.

Willingham, R.C., 1981, Gravity anomaly patterns and fault interpretations in the San Bernardino Valley and western San Gorgonio Pass area, southern California, in Brown, A.R., and Ruff, R.W., eds., Geology of the San Jacinto Mountains: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society, Annual Field trip guidebook, no. 9, p. 164-174.

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Stratigraphic and Paleontologic Investigations

Albright, L.B., 1997, Geochronology and vertebrate paleontology of the San Timoteo Badlands, southern California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 328 p.

Frick, C., 1921, Extinct vertebrate faunas of the Badlands of Bautista Creek and San Timoteo Canon, southern California: University of California Publications in Geology, v. 12, no. 5, p. 277-424.

McDougall, K., Powell, C.L., II, Matti, J.C., and Poore, R.Z., 1994, The Imperial Formation and the opening of the Gulf of California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 71.

McDougall, Kristin, Poore, R.Z., and Matti, J.C., 1999, Age and environment of the Imperial Formation near San Gorgonio Pass, California: Journal of Foraminiferal Research, v. 29, no. 1, p. 4-25.

Powell, C. L., II, 1993, Macrofossils from the Imperial Formation in the Ocotillo Wells State Vehicle Recreation area, Imperial and San Diego counties, California. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-562, 7 p.

Powell, C. L., II, 1995, Paleontology and significance of the Imperial Formation at Garnet Hill, Riverside County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-489, 10 p.

Powell, C. L., II, 1995, Preliminary report on the Echinodermata from the Miocene and Pliocene of the Coyote Mountains, southern California, in Remeika, Paul and Sturz, Anne, eds., Paleontology and geology of the western Salton Trough detachment, Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, California: Field trip guidebook and volume for the 1995 San Diego Association of Geologist's field trip to Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, v. 1, p. 55-63.

Powell, C.L., II, 1997, A record of the inarticulate brachiopod genus Glottidia in the ancestral Gulf of California: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-538, 5 p.

Powell, C.L., II, Pliocene invertebrates from the Travertine Point outcrop of the Imperial Formation, Imperial County, California. Submitted to Journal of Paleontology, 60 ms p.

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Surficial and Quaternary Investigations

Cohn, B.R., and Retelas, J.G., 1987, Soil survey of San Bernardino National Forest area, California: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 158 p., 56 plates.

Harden, J.W., and Matti, J.C., 1989, Holocene and late Pleistocene slip rates on the San Andreas fault in Yucaipa, California, using displaced alluvial-fan deposits and soil chronology: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1107-1117.

Harrison, J.B.J.; McFadden, L.D.; Weldon III, R.J., 1990, Spatial soil variability in the Cajon Pass chronosequence: implications for the use of soils as a geochronological tool: Geomorphology, v. 3, p. 399-416.

Harrison, J.B.J., McFadden, L.D., and Weldon, R.J., 1993, Influence of colluvial deposition on rates of soil development in the Transverse Ranges, California: Israel Earth Science, v. 41, p. 139-154.

Harrison, J.B.J., McFadden, L.D., Weldon, R.J., and Kendrick, K.J., 1994, Spatial variability of soils on terrace treads in Cajon Pass, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T.M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Guidebook, Trip No. 8, p. 156-160.

Kendrick, K.J., 1996, Descriptions and laboratory analysis for soils in the northern San Timoteo Badlands, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-93, 6 p.

Kendrick, K.J., McFadden, L.D., and Morton, D.M., 1994, Soils and slip rates along the northern San Jacinto fault, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T.M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Guidebook, Trip No. 8, p. 146-151.

Knecht, Arnold A., 1971, Soil survey of western Riverside County area, California: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 157 p., 214 pl., scale 1:24,000.

Ku, T.L., Bull, W.B., Freeman, S.T., and Knauss, K.G., 1979, 240Th-243U dating of pedogenic carbonates in gravelly desert soils of Vidal Valley, southeastern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, p. 1063-1073.

McFadden, L.D., and Weldon, R.J., 1987, Rates and processes of soil development on Quaternary terraces in Cajon Pass, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 98, p. 280-293.

Minnich, R.A., 1984, Snow drifting and timberline dynamics on Mount San Gorgonio, California, U.S.A.: Arctic and Alpine Research, v. 16, p. 395-412.

Sharp, R.P., Allen, C.R., and Meir, M.F., 1959, Pleistocene glaciers on southern California mountains: American Journal of Science, v. 257, p. 81-94.

Spotilla, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronology: Tectonics, v. 17, no. 3, p. 360-378.

Weldon, R.J., 1983, Climatic control for the formation of terraces in Cajon Creek, southern California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, no. 5, p. 429.

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Thesis and Dissertation Investigations

Albright, L.B., 1997, Geochronology and vertebrate paleontology of the San Timoteo Badlands, southern California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 328 p.

Blanck, Eugene L., Jr., 1987, Geologic structure of the Beaumont-Banning area, California, from gravity profiles: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 84 p., scale 1:24,000.

Butters, D.J., 1981, Geology and geochemistry of the Baldwin Gneiss in the vicinity of Sugarloaf Mountain, San Bernardino Mountains, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 55 p., scale 1:12,000.

Dillon, J.T., 1975, Geology of the Chocolate and Cargo Muchacho Mountains, southeasternmost California: Santa Barbara, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 405 p.

Erskine, B.E., 1985, Mylonitic deformation and associated low-angle faulting in the Santa Rosa mylonite zone, southern California: Berkeley, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 247 p.

Farley, Thomas, 1979, Geology of a part of northern San Gorgonio Pass, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S.

Green, S.M., 1983, Seismotectonic study of the San Andreas, Mission Creek, and Banning fault system: Los Angeles, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 52 p.

McFadden, L.D., 1982, The impacts of temporal and spatial climatic changes on alluvial soils genesis in southern California: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. thesis, 430 p.

Sydnor, R.H., 1975, Geology of the northeast border zone of the San Jacinto pluton, Palm Springs, California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 121 p. scale 1:24,000.

Weldon, R.J., 1986, The late Cenozoic geology of Cajon Pass; implications for tectonics and sedimentation along the San Andreas fault: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 382 p.


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