Visual Glossary: Pangaea, Laurasia, Gondwana
Pangaea was a patchwork supercontinent formed by a series of continental collisions that began in the Late Paleozoic and continued into the early part of the Mesozoic.
The part of Pangaea that lies in the Northern Hemisphere
is called Laurasia. It includes most of the present-day
North America, Greenland, Europe, and Asia.
Gondwana is the part of Pangaea that lies in the Southern
Hemisphere. It includes most of the present-day South
America, Africa, India, Australia, and Antarctica.
Pangaea split into the two megacontinents Laurasia
and Gondwana beginning in the Late Triassic.