Location of Hozomeen Terrane rocks shown in green.
Summary: Ocean-floor basalt, deep-ocean sandstone and shale, with lots of chert. Formed between 350 to 220 million years ago (Mississippian to Triassic).
The Methow Domain began as ocean floor formed
between 350 and 220 million years ago (Mississippian
to Triassic). The ocean floor was basalt overlain by some deep-ocean
sandstone and mud, along with lots of chert. Some of the basalt erupted
at a mid-ocean ridge, some erupted as oceanic islands like Hawaii, and
some may have erupted as part of a volcanic island arc. We call this
oceanic floor the Hozomeen terrane.
Eruption of basalt in the ocean produces pillow basalt.
The rocks of the Hozomeen terrane do not fit well our bucolic description of the Methow scenery far from it. They stand out ruggedly in the high mountain ridge of Crater and Jack Mountains and peaks to the north.