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Western Earth Surface Processes Team

Geology of the Twentynine Palms Marine Corps Air/Ground Combat Center and Vicinity - Selected Bibliographic References

Location map Location map of the Big Bear 30 x 60 Degree Quadrangle

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Wider-area geologic maps and Reports


Bortugno, E.J., and Spittler, T.E., 1986, Geologic map of the San Bernardino quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology, Map No.3A (Geology) of the Regional Geologic Map Series, scale 1:250,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1964, Geologic map of the Lucerne Valley quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-426, scale 1:62,500. [The Fawnskin 7.5' quadrangle is the SW quadrant of the Lucerne Valley 15' quadrangle]

Matti, J.C., Brown, H.J., Miller, F.K., Wrucke, C.T., Calzia, J.P., and Conway, C.M., 1993, Preliminary geologic map of the north-central San Bernardino Mountains, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-544, 10 p., scale 1:100,000.

Rogers, T.H., Compiler, 1967, San Bernardino sheet of Geologic map of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Geologic Hazards Studies

Foster, J.H., 1992, Fault development and fissuring near Twentynine Palms, CA, in Pipkin, B.W., and Proctor, R.J., eds., Engineering geology practice in southern California: Association of Engineering Geologists Special Publication 4, Belmont, California, Star Publishing Company, p. 289-299.

Sadler, P.M., and Morton, D.M., 1989, Landslides of the uppermost Santa Ana River basin and the adjacent San Bernardino Mountains of southern California, in Sadler, P.M., and Morton, D.M., eds., Landslides in a semi-arid environment: Redlands, California, Publications of the Inland Geologic Society Publication, v. 2, p. 356-386.

Tan, S.S., 1989, Landslide hazards in the Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear Lake region, San Bernardino County, California: Landslide Hazards Identification Map No. 15: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 89-07.

Mineral-Resource Studies

Brown, H.J., 1987, Geologic setting and operations overview, Lucerne Valley limestone mining district, Lucerne Valley, California, in Pierce, W., ed., 21st Annual Industrial Mineral Conference Proceedings: Arizona Bureau of Mines Special Report 4, p. 44-54.

Calzia, J.P., Matti, J.C., and Gantenbein, Michael, 1995, Geology, geochemistry, and resource potential of carbonate rocks in the San Bernardino National Forest, California: U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-39, 26 p., scale 1:100,000.

Cox, B.F., Matti, J.C., Oliver, H.W., and Zilka, N.T., 1983, Mineral resource potential map of the San Gorgonio Wilderness, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1161-C, scale 1:62,500.

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., Obi, C.M., Powell, R.E., Hinkle, M.E., Griscom, Andrew, and McHugh, E.L., 1982, Mineral resource potential map of the Whitewater Wilderness Study Area, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1478, scale 1:24,000.

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., Rodriguez, E.A., Obi, C.M., Powell, R.E., Hinkle, M.E., Griscom, Andrew, Sabine, Charles, and Cwick, G.J., 1982, Mineral resource potential map of the Bighorn Mountains Wilderness Study Area (CDCA-217), San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1493-A, scale 1:48,000.

Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., and Iverson, S.R., 1983, Mineral resource potential map of the Raywood Flat Roadless Area, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1563-A, scale 1:62,500.

Miller R.V., 1989, Mineral land classification of the Smart Ranch limestone property, Big Bear City and Rattlesnake Canyon quadrangles, San Bernardino County, California-for high-grade and cement-grade limestone: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 89-12, scale 1:24,000.

Powell, R.E., Matti, J.C., Cox, B.F., Oliver, H.W., Wagini, Alexander, and Campbell, H.W., 1983, Mineral resource potential of the Sugarloaf roadless area, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1606-A, scale 1:24,000.

Richmond, J.F., 1960, Geology of the San Bernardino Mountains north of Big Bear Lake, California, with a tabulated list of mines and mineral deposits by C.H. Gray, Jr.: California Division of Mines Special Report 65, 68 p.

Shumway, D. and Silva, M. 1994, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County, the San Bernardino Valley area, part V: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 94-08, scale 1:48,000.

Taylor, G.C., 1994, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County: the Big Bear Lake-Lucerne Valley area, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 94-06, scale 1:62,500.

Mojave Desert fault Studies (including Landers [1992] and Hector Mine [1999] earthquakes)

Arrowsmith, R., and Rhodes, D.D., 1994, Original forms and initial modifications of the Galway Lake Road scarp formed along the Emerson fault during the 28 June Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 511-527.

Aydin, A., and Du, Y., 1995, Surface rupture at a fault bend: the 28 June 1992 Landers, California earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 111-128.

Bryan, K. and Rockwell, T.K., 1994, Recognition of non-brittle fault deformation in trench exposures: An example from the Helendale fault, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 253-262.

Bryant, W.A., 1986, Pinto Mountain, Mesquite Lake, Copper Mountain, and related faults, southern San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-181, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Bryant, W.A., 1992, Surface fault rupture along the Johnson Valley, Homestead Valley, and related faults associated with the Ms7.5 28 June 1992 Landers earthquake: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-234, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Bryant, W.A., 1994, Surface fault rupture along the Homestead Valley, Emerson, and related faults associated with the Ms7.3 28 June 1992 Landers earthquake: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-239, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Cohee, B.P., and Beroza, G.C., 1994, Slip distribution of the 1992 Landers earthquake and its implications for earthquake source mechanics: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 692-712.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1992, Neogene movements on Calico and Camp Rock faults, Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 24-27.

Dokka, R.K., 1989, The eastern California shear zone and its role in the creation of young extensional zones in the Mojave Desert region, in Structure, tectonics, and mineralization of the Walker Lane: Geological Society of Nevada, p. 161-186.

Fife, D.L., 1978, "Airfield fault" Mesquite playa, San Bernardino County, California: California Geology, v. 31, p. 51-53.

Fleming, R.W., Messerich, J.A., and Cruikshank, 1998, Fractures along a portion of the Emerson fault zone related to the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Evidence for the Galway Lake Road rotated block: Geological Society of America Map and Chart Series MCH082, scale 1:3,000.

Foster, J.H., 1992, Fault development and fissuring near Twentynine Palms, CA, in Pipkin, B.W., and Proctor, R.J., eds., Engineering geology practice in southern California: Association of Engineering Geologists Special Publication 4, Belmont, California, Star Publishing Company, p. 289-299.

Garfunkel, Z., 1974, Model for the late Cenozoic tectonic history of the Mojave Desert, California, and for its relation to adjacent regions: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 85, p. 1931-1944.

Harris, R.A., and Simpson, R.W., 1992, Changes in static stress on southern California faults after the 1992 Landers earthquake: Nature, v. 360, p. 351-254.

Hart, E.W., Bryant, W.A., and Treiman, J.A., 1993, Surface faulting associated with the June 1992 Landers earthquake, California: California Geology, v. 46, no. 1, p. 10-16.

Hauksson, E., 1994, State of stress from focal mechanisms before and after the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 917-934.

Hauksson, E., Jones, L.M., Hutton, K., and Eberhart-Phillips, D., 1993, The 1992 Landers earthquake sequence: seismological observations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 98, p. 19835-19858.

Herzberg, M. and Rockwell, T., 1994, Timing of past earthquakes on the northern Johnson Valley fault and their relationship to the 1992 rupture, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 388-392.

Highland Geotechnical Consultants, Inc, 1985, Geologic report West Bullion Mountain fault study (Job no. 6074-00), Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California, 14 p.

Hill, R.L., and Beeby, D.J., 1977, Surface faulting associated with the 5.2 magnitude Galway Lake earthquake of May 31, 1975: Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1378-1384.

Hill, R.L., Pechmann, J.C., Treiman, J.A., McMillan, J.R., Given, T.W., and Ebel, J.E., 1980, Geologic study of the Homestead Valley earthquake swarm of March 15, 1979: California Geology, v. 33, p. 60-67.

Howard, K.A., and Miller, D.M., 1992, Late Cenozoic faulting at the boundary between the Mojave and Sonoran blocks: Bristol Lake area, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 37-47.

Hudnut, K.W., Bock, Y., Cline, M., Fang, P., Feng, Y., Freymueller, J., Ge, X., Gross, W.K., Jackson, D., Kim, M., King, N.E., Langbein, J., Larsen, S.C., Lisowski, M., Shen, Z.K., Svarc, J., and Zhang, J., 1994, Co-seismic displacements of the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence, in Langston, C.A., ed., The 1992 Landers, California, earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 625-645.

Hutton, L.K., Johnson, C.E., Pechmann, J.C., Ebel, J.E., Given, T.W., Cole, D.M., and German, P.T., 1980, Epicentral locations for the Homestead Valley earthquake sequences, March 15, 1979: California Geology, v. 33, p. 110-164.

Jagiello, Kieth, Christie, J.M., and Blom, R.G., 1992, Horizontal separation of major late Cenozoic strike-slip faults in the Twentynine Palms region, Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 48-53.

Johnson, A.M., Fleming, R.W., and Cruikshank, K.M., 1994, Shear zone formed along long, straight traces of fault zones during the 28 June 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 499-510.

Kanamori, H., and Fuis, G., 1976, Variations of P-wave velocity before and after the Galway Lake earthquake (ML=5.2) and the Goat Mountain earthquakes (ML=4.7, 4.7) 1975, in the Mojave Desert, California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 66, p. 2017-2037.

McGill, S.F., and Rubin, C.M., 1999, Surficial slip distribution on the central Emerson fault during the June 28, 1992, Landers earthquake, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, no. B3, p. 4811-4833.

Morton, D.M., Miller, F.K., and Smith, C.C., 1980, Photo reconnaissance maps showing young-looking fault features in the southern Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1051, 7 sheets, scale 1:24,000, 1:62,500.

Murbach, D., Rockwell, T.K., and Bray, J. D., 1994, Preliminary observations: Characteristics of the 1992 Landers surface fault rupture adjacent to distressed structures, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 590-598.

Nur, Amos, Hagai, Ron, and Beroza, Greg, 1993, Landers-Mojave earthquake line: a new fault system?: GSA Today, v. 3, p. 253, 256-258.

Padgett, Deems C. and Rockwell, Thomas K., 1994, Paleoseismology of the Lenwood fault, San Bernardino County, California, in Murbach, D. ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 222-238.

Rasmussen, G.S. and Associates, 1983, Engineering geology investigation, proposed 20-inch diameter potable water line route between reservoir No. 1 & equalizer tanks west of Deadman Lake, Twentynine Palms Marine Corps Base, Twentynine Palms, California (Project No. 1843), 13 p.

Ross, T.M., 1992, Geologic and paleomagnetic constraints on the timing of initiation and amount of slip on the Rodman and Pisgah faults, central Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 75-77.

Rubin, C., and Sieh, K., 1997, Long dormancy, low slip rate and similar slip per event for the Emerson fault, Eastern California Shear Zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, p. 15,319-15,333.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., and Solomon, S.C., 1986, Geodetic measurement of deformation in the central Mojave Desert, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12683-12693.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., Solomon, S.C., and Lisowski, M., 1994, Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes: Nature, v. 367, p. 264-266.

Shen, Z., Jackson, D.D., Feng, Y., Cline, M., Kim, M., Fang, P., and Bock, Y., 1994, Postseismic deformation following the Landers earthquake, California, 28 June 1992, in Langston, C.A., ed., The 1992 Landers, California, earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 780-791.

Sieh, K., Jones, L., Hauksson, E., Hudnut, K., Eberhart-Phillips, D., Heaton, T., Hough, S., Hutton, K., Kanamori, H., Lilje, A., Lindvall, S., McGill, S.F., Mori, J., Rubin, C., Spotilla, J.A., Stock, J., Thio, H.K., Treiman, J., Wernicke, B., and Zachariasen, J., 1993, Near-field investigations of the Landers earthquake sequence, April to July 1992: Science, v. 260, p. 171-176.

Sowers, J.M., Unruh, J.R., Lettis, W.R., and Rubin, T.D., 1994, Relationship of the Kickapoo fault to the Johnson Valley and Homestead faults, San Bernardino County, California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 528-536.

Spotilla, J.A., and Sieh, K., 1995, Geologic investigations of a "slip gap" in the surficial ruptures of the 1992 Landers earthquake, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, no. B1, p. 543-559.

Stein, R.S., and Lisowski, M., 1983, The 1979 Homestead Valley earthquake sequence, California: Control of aftershocks and postseismic deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 88, p. 6477-6490.

Unruh, J.R., Lettis, W.R., and Sowers, J.M., 1994, Kinematic interpretation of the 1992 Landers earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 537-546.

Unruh, J.R., Twiss, R.J., and Hauksson, Egill, 1996, Seismogenic deformation field in the Mojave block and implication for tectonics of the eastern California shear zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. B4, p. 8335-8361.

Wald, D.J., and Heaton, T.H., 1994, Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 668-691.

Wyatt F.K., Agnew D.H., and Gladwin, M.T., 1994, Continuous Measurements of Crustal Deformation for the 1992 Landers Earthquake Sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, no 3, p. 768-779.

Yeats, R.S. and Rockwell, T.K., 1991, Quaternary geology of the Ventura and Los Angeles basins, California: in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U. S.: Geological Society of America, DNAG v. K-2, p. 185-189.

Zachariasen, J., and Sieh, K., 1995, The transfer of slip between two en echelon strike-slip faults: a case study from the 1992 Landers earthquake, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 15,281-15,301.

Paper Geologic Maps

Bortugno, E.J., and Spittler, T.E., 1986, Geologic map of the San Bernardino quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology, Map No.3A (Geology) of the Regional Geologic Map Series, scale 1:250,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1964, Geologic map of the San Gorgonio Mountain quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-431, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1964, Geologic map of the Lucerne Valley quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-426, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1967, Geologic map of the Joshua Tree quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-516, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1967, Geologic map of the Morongo Valley quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-517, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1967, Geologic map of the Old Woman Springs quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-518, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1968, Geologic map of the Twentynine Palms quadrangle, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-561, scale 1:62,500.

Knauer, L.C., 1982, Geology of the Emerson Lake quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 190 p., scale 1:24,000.

Matti, J.C., Brown, H.J., Miller, F.K., Wrucke, C.T., Calzia, J.P., and Conway, C.M., 1993, Preliminary geologic map of the north-central San Bernardino Mountains, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-544, 10 p., scale 1:100,000.

Miller, F.K., 1987, Reverse-fault system bounding the north side of the San Bernardino Mountains, in Morton, D.M., and Yerkes, R.F., eds., Recent reverse faulting in the Transverse Ranges, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1339, p. 83-95, scale 1:48,000.

Morton, D.M., Cox, B.F., and Matti, J.C., 1980, Geologic map of the San Gorgonio Wilderness: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1164-A, scale 1:62,500.

Rogers, T.H., Compiler, 1967, San Bernardino sheet of Geologic map of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1981, The structure of the northeast San Bernardino Mountains, California: notes to accompany 7.5 minute quadrangle maps submitted for compilation onto the San Bernardino 1°x2° quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report, 26 p.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Bighorn Canyon 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate A, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Rattlesnake Canyon 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate B, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Lucerne Valley 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate C, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Big Bear City 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate D, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Cougar Buttes 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate E, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Fawnskin 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate F, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Onyx Peak 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate G, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Moonridge 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate H, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Rimrock 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate I, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Old Woman Springs 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate K, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Legend for geologic maps cited in Sadler (1982a-l): California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate M.

Sowers, J.M., Unruh, J.R., Lettis, W.R., and Rubin, T.D., 1994, Quaternary geologic map of the Landers quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California, in Sowers, J.M., Unruh, J.R., Lettis, W.R., and Rubin, T.D., 1994, Relationship of the Kickapoo fault to the Johnson Valley and Homestead faults, San Bernardino County, California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 528-536.

Digital Geologic-Map Data Bases

Miller, F.K., Matti, J.C., Brown, H.J., and Powell, R.E., 1998, Digital geologic map of the Fawnskin 7.5' quadrangle, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-579, scale 1:24,000.

Powell, R.E., and Matti, J.C., 2000, Geologic map and digital database of the Cougar Buttes 7.5' quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-175, scale 1:24,000, 19 p.

Geologic-Setting, Tectonic, Stratigraphic, and Geologic-History Investigations

Barth, A.P., Ehlig, P.L., and Wooden, J.L., 1993, Geology of 1.7 GA (?) Baldwin Gneiss in the Baldwin Lake type area, San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Programs with Abstracts, v. 25, no. 5, p. 6-7.

Blythe, A.E., and Burbank, D.W., 1996, Timing and magnitude of exhumation of the central Transverse Ranges, California, from apatite fission-track analyses: EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, v. 77, no. 17, p. 262.

Howard, K.A., and Stuart, W.D., 1992, Compressive origin of topographic waves in the Mojave Desert, California?, in Chapman Conference on tectonics and topography, August 31-September 4., 1992: American Geophysical Union, p. 28.

Jefferson, G.T., 1986, Fossil vertebrates from late Pleistocene sedimentary deposits in the San Bernardino and Little San Bernardino Mountains region, in Kooser, M.A., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Geology around the margins of the eastern San Bernardino Mountains: Publications of the Inland Geological Society, v. 1, p. 77-80.

Matti, J.C., Powell, R.E., and Miller, F.K., 1998, The Blackhawk Mountain uplift, southern California: a Quaternary folded-thrust uplift in the left-stepping Helendale fault zone?: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 53.

Matti, J.C., Powell, R.E., and Miller, F.K., 1998, The San Bernardino Mountains of southern California: a Quaternary fold-, thrust-, and tear-fault belt: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 53.

Miller, F.K., 1987, Reverse-fault system bounding the north side of the San Bernardino Mountains, in Morton, D.M., and Yerkes, R.F., eds., Recent reverse faulting in the Transverse Ranges, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1339, p. 83-95, scale 1:48,000.

Miller, F.K., and Morton, D.M., 1980, Potassium-Argon geochronology of the eastern Transverse Ranges and southern Mojave Desert, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1152, 30 p.

Neville, S. L., and Chambers, J.M., 1982, Late Miocene alkaline volcanism, northeastern San Bernardino Mountains and adjacent Mojave Desert, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 103-106.

Powell, R.E., and Matti, J.C., 1998, Stratigraphic and geomorphic relations in the Mojave Desert and San Bernardino Mts piedmont, Lucerne Valley, CA: PART I: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 59.

Powell, R.E., and Matti, J.C., 1998, Stratigraphic and geomorphic relations in the Mojave Desert and San Bernardino Mts piedmont, Lucerne Valley, CA: PART II: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 59.

Richmond, J.F., 1960, Geology of the San Bernardino Mountains north of Big Bear Lake, California, with a tabulated list of mines and mineral deposits by C.H. Gray, Jr.: California Division of Mines Special Report 65, 68 p.

Richmond, J.F., 1965, Chemical variation in quartz monzonite from Cactus Flat, San Bernardino Mountains, California: American Journal of Science, v. 263, p. 53-63.

Sadler, P.M., 1981, The structure of the northeast San Bernardino Mountains, California: notes to accompany 7.5 minute quadrangle maps submitted for compilation onto the San Bernardino 1°x2° quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report, 26 p.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, An introduction to the San Bernardino Mountains as the product of young orogenesis, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 57-65.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Provenance and structure of late Cenozoic sediments in the northeast San Bernardino Mountains, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 83-92.

Sadler, P.M., 1993, The Santa Ana Basin of the central San Bernardino Mountains: evidence of the timing of uplift and strike slip relative to the San Gabriel Mountains, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 307-321.

Sadler, P.M., 1985, Santa Ana Sandstone: its provenance and significance for the late Cenozoic history of the Transverse Ranges, in Reynolds, R.E., Compiler, Geologic investigations along Interstate 15, Cajon Pass to Manix Lake, California: San Bernardino County Museum Publication, p. 69-78.

Sadler, P.M., and Demirer, Ali, 1986, Geology of upper Mill Creek and Santa Ana Canyon, southern San Bernardino Mountains, California, field trip 12 of Ehlig, P.L., compiler, Neotectonics and faulting in southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 82nd Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, California, 1986, Guidebook and Volume, p. 129-140.

Sadler, P.M., and Reeder, W.A., 1983, Upper Cenozoic quartzite-bearing gravels of the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: recycling and mixing as a result of transpressional uplift, in Anderson, D.W., and Rymer, M.J., eds., Tectonics and sedimentation along faults of the San Andreas system: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, p. 45-57.

Shreve, R.L., 1968, The Blackhawk landslide: Geological Society of America Special Paper 108, 47 p.

Spotila, J.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 2000, Architecture of transpressional thrust faulting in the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California, from deformation of a deeply weathered surface: Tectonics, v. 19, no. 4, p. 589-615.

Spotilla, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronology: Tectonics, v. 17, no. 3, p. 360-378.

Stewart, J.H., and Poole, F.G., 1975, Extension of the Cordilleran miogeosynclinal belt to the San Andreas fault, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 86, p. 205-212.

Stewart, J.H., McMenamin, M.A.S., and Morales-Ramirez, J.M., 1984, Upper Proterozoic and Cambrian rocks in the Caborca region, Sonora, Mexico-physical stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, paleocurrent studies, and regional relations: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1309, 36 p.

Strathouse, E.C., 1982, The Santa Ana Sandstone (Miocene in part) and evidence for Late-Cenozoic orogenesis in the San Bernardino Mountains, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A., eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges, southern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., 1982, Volume and Guidebook, p. 97-102.

Tyler, D.L., 1979, The Cordilleran miogeosyncline and Sevier(?) orogeny in southern California, in Newman, G.W., and Goode, H.D., eds., Basin and Range symposium and Great Basin field conference: Denver, Colorado, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists and Utah Geological Association, p. 75-80.

Vaughan, F.E., 1922, Geology of the San Bernardino Mountains north of San Gorgonio Pass: California University Publications in Geological Sciences, v. 13, p. 319-411.

Woodford, A.O., and Harriss, T.F., 1928, Geology of Blackhawk Canyon, San Bernardino Mountains, California: California University Publications in Geological Sciences, v. 17, p. 265-304.

Geophysical Maps and Investigations

Biehler, S., Tang, R.W., Ponce, D.A., and Oliver, H.W., compilers, 1988, Bouguer gravity map of the San Bernardino quadrangle, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Regional Geologic Map Series, map no. 3B, scale 1:250,000.

Pitkin, J.A., and Duval, J.S., 1981, Interpretation of an aerial radiometric survey of the San Gorgonio Wilderness Area and vicinity, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Filed Studies Map MF-1161-B, scale 62,500.

Surficial and Quaternary Investigations

Cohn, B.R., and Retelas, J.G., 1987, Soil survey of San Bernardino National Forest area, California: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 158 p., 56 plates.

Eppes, M., Matti, J., Powell, R., and McFadden, L., 1998, Soil landscapes of the northern flank of the San Bernardino Mountains in the Transverse Ranges of Southern California: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 1, p. A-330.

Minnich, R.A., 1984, Snow drifting and timberline dynamics on Mount San Gorgonio, California, U.S.A.: Arctic and Alpine Research, v. 16, p. 395-412.

Sharp, R.P., Allen, C.R., and Meir, M.F., 1959, Pleistocene glaciers on southern California mountains: American Journal of Science, v. 257, p. 81-94.

Spotilla, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronology: Tectonics, v. 17, no. 3, p. 360-378.

Thesis and Dissertation Investigations

Butters, D.J., 1981, Geology and geochemistry of the Baldwin Gneiss in the vicinity of Sugarloaf Mountain, San Bernardino Mountains, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 55 p., scale 1:12,000.

Cameron, C.S., 1981, Geology of the Sugarloaf and Delamar Mountain areas, San Bernardino Mountains, California: Cambridge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ph.D. Thesis, 399 p.

Corbett, E.J., 1984, Seismicity and crustal structure of southern California: Tectonic implications from improved earthquake locations: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 231 p.

Farley, Thomas, 1979, Geology of a part of northern San Gorgonio Pass, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S.

Hollenbaugh, K.M., 1968, Geology of a portion of the north flank of the San Bernardino Mountains, California: Moscow, Idaho, University of Idaho, Ph.D. thesis, 109 p.

Jacobs, S.E., 1982, Geology of a part of the upper Santa Ana River valley, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 107 p.

Knauer, L.C., 1982, Geology of the Emerson Lake quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 190 p., scale 1:24,000.

McJunkin, R.D., 1976, Geology of the central San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 102 p., scale 1:48,000.

Neville, S. L., 1983, Late Miocene alkaline volcanism, south-central Mojave Desert and northeast San Bernardino Mountains, California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished M.S. Thesis, 156 p.

Shreve, R.L., 1958, Geology and mechanics of the Blackhawk landslide: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis

Strathouse, E.C., 1983, Late Cenozoic fluvial sediments in Barton Flats and evidence for orogenesis, San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, southern California: Riverside, University of California, M.S. thesis, 127 p.

Tyler, D.L., 1975, Stratigraphy and structure of the late Precambrian-early Cambrian clastic metasedimentary rocks of the Baldwin Lake area, San Bernardino Mountains, California: Houston, Rice University, M.S. thesis, 40 p.

Wattenbarger, A.C., 1989, Base and precious metal mineralization in the Blackhawk mining district, San Bernardino County, California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 136 p.

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