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Western Earth Surface Processes Team

Geology of the Mojave Desert Province

Selected Bibliographic References, Mojave High Desert Region

Stoffer, Philip W., 2004, Desert Landforms and Surface Processes in the Mojave National Preserve and Vicinity: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2004-1007, 78 p. <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1007/>.

Our Dynamic Desert Landscape
: <http://deserts.wr.usgs.gov>

See these other resources

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Engineering-Geology Studies

Converse Consultants, 1992, Morongo Basin pipeline project: Redlands, California, Converse Consultants Inland Empire, unpublished geotechnical report, three volumes.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-1, El Mirage Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1200.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-1, Emerson Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-869.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-2, Emerson Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-872.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Soggy Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1030.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Lucerne Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1032.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Melville Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1036.

IT Corporation, 1992, Remedial Investigation, Operable Unit 2, Jp-4 spill, George Air Force Base, California, v. 1., San Bernardino, California. Montgomery Watson [geotechnical consultants], 1995, George Air Force Base Installation Restoration Program OU1 predesign study (draft report, July 1995), Walnut Creek, California.

Sibbett, B.S., 1996, Paleo fluvial channels control migration of a hydrocarbon spill on George Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 7, p. 393.


Geologic Hazards Studies


Barrows, A.G., 1979, Geology and fault activity of the Valyermo segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 79-1LA, 49 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1976, Geology and fault activity of the Palmdale segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 76-6LA, 30 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1985, Earthquake hazards and tectonic history of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 85-10LA, 139 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1987, Earthquake hazards and tectonic history of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California, in Hester, R.L., and Hallinger, D.E., eds., San Andreas fault-Cajon Pass to Palmdale: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Volume and guidebook no. 59, p. 1-92.

Beeby, D.J., 1979, Geology and fault activity of the Lake Hughes segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 79-2LA, 35 P., scale 1:12,000.

Kahle, J.E., 1979, Geology and fault activity of the San Andreas fault zone between Quail Lake and Three Points, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 79-3LA, 42 p., scale 1:12,000.

Kahle, J.E., and Barrows, A.G., 1980, Geology and fault activity of the Three Points and Pine Canyon segments, San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 80-13LA, 38 p., scale 1:12,000.

Kahle, J.E., Smith, D.P., and Beeby, D.J., 1975, Geology of the Leona Valley segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 75-2LA, 169 p., 1:6,000.

Morton, D.M., Miller, F.K., and Smith, C.C., 1980, Photo reconnaissance maps showing young-looking fault features in the southern Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1051, 7 sheets, scale 1:24,000, 1:62,500.

Prince, K.R., Galloway, D.L., and Leake, S.A., 1995, U.S. Geological Survey subsidence interest group conference, Edwards Air Force Base, Antelope Valley, California, November 18-19, 1992: Abstracts and summary: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-532, 92 p.

Sibbett, B.S., 1996, Paleo fluvial channels control migration of a hydrocarbon spill on George Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 7, p. 393.

Sibbett, B.S., 1999, Pleistocene channels of the Mojave River near Victorville, California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 65-68.


Mineral-Resource Studies

Bezore, S.P., 1997, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County: the Barstow-Newberry Springs area, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 97-16, scale 1:62,500.

Bezore, S.P., and Shumway, D.O., 1994, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County: the Barstow-Victorville area, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 94-04, scale 1:62,500.

Bowen, O.E., Jr., 1954, Geology and mineral deposits of the Barstow quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 165, 208 p.

Evans, J.R. and others, 1979, Aggregates in the greater Los Angeles area [Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura Counties], California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 139.

Joseph, S.E., and others, 1987, Classification of sand and gravel resource areas, Saugus-Newhall-Palmdale Production-Consumption region [Los Angeles County, California]: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 143 (Part V).

Silva, M.A. and Rapp, J.S., 1991, Mines and mineral prospects of the California desert: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 91-18, scale 1:750,000.

Taylor, G.C., 1994, Mineral land classification of a part of southwestern San Bernardino County: the Big Bear Lake-Lucerne Valley area, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report 94-06, scale 1:62,500.


Water Resource Studies

Bloyd, R.M., Jr., 1967, Water resources of the Antelope Valley-East Kern Water Agency area, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, Menlo Park, 73 p.

Brose, R.J., 1987, Hydrogeologic investigation of the Lucerne Valley ground water basin, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, California State University, unpublished MS thesis, 79 p.

California Department of Water Resources, 1963, Desert areas of southeastern California, land and water use survey, 1958: California Department of Water Resources Bulletin 101, 74 p.

California Department of Water Resources, 1967, Mojave River ground water basins investigation: Sacramento, California Department of Water Resources Bulletin 84, 151 p.

Densmore, J.N., Cox, B.F., and Crawford, S.M., 1997, Geohydrology and water quality of Marine Corps Logistics Base, Nebo and Yermo Annexes, near Barstow, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 96-4301, 116 p.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-1, El Mirage Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1200.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-1, Emerson Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-869.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from test well E-2, Emerson Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-872.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Soggy Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1030.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Lucerne Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1032.

Dokter, R.D., 1980, Geophysical, lithologic and water quality data from Melville Dry Lake, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1036.

Dutcher, L.C., and Worts, G.F., Jr., 1963, Geology, hydrology, and water supply of Edwards Air Force Base, Kern County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 225 p.

Johnson, H.R., 1911, Water resources of Antelope Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 278, 92 p.

Londquist, C.J., Rewis, D.L., Galloway, D.L., and McCaffrey, W.F., 1993, Hydrogeology and land subsidence, Edwards Air Force Base, Antelope Valley, California, January 1989-December 1991: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4114, 74 p.

Martin, P., 1994, Southern California basins aquifer, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T.M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Guidebook, 27th Annual Meeting, San Bernardino, California, p.166-169.

Schaefer, D.H., 1979, Ground-water conditions and potential for artificial recharge in Lucerne Valley, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation 78-118, 37 p.

Stamos, C.L., and Predmore, S.K., 1995, Data and water-table map of the Mojave River ground-water basin, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4148, scale 1:125,000.

Subsurface Surveys, Inc., 1990, Inventory of groundwater stored in the Mojave River basins: unpublished report, prepared for Mojave Water Agency, Apple Valley, California, 47 p.

Thompson, D.G., 1929, The Mohave Desert region, California, a geographic, geologic, and hydrologic reconnaissance: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 578, 759 p.

Tinsley, J. C., and Cox, B. F., 1994, Neotectonics and hydrologic influence of the Harper Lake-Camp Rock fault near the Nebo Annex of the Marine Corps Logistics Base, Barstow, California, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T. M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin, Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, guidebook, p. 169-171.

Traylor, C.R., and Koczot, K.M., 1995, Regional water table (1994) and water-level changes in the Morongo Basin, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4209, scale 1:125,000.


Earthquake-history, Fault-recurrence, Slip-Rate, Paleoseismology, and Geodetic-strain Investigations

General Seismicity and Strain Studies

Humphreys, E.D., and Weldon, R.J., II, 1994, Deformation across the western United States: A local estimate of Pacific-North American transform deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 19,975-20,010.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., and Solomon, S.C., 1986, Geodetic measurement of deformation in the central Mojave Desert, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12683-12693.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., Solomon, S.C., and Lisowski, M., 1994, Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes: Nature, v. 367, p. 264-266.

Sieh, K.E., 1981, A review of geological evidence for recurrence times of large earthquakes, in Simpson, D.W., and Richards, P.G., eds., Earthquake prediction-An international review: American Geophysical Union Maurice Ewing Series, no. 4, p. 181-207.

Unruh, J.R., Twiss, R.J., and Hauksson, Egill, 1996, Seismogenic deformation field in the Mojave block and implication for tectonics of the eastern California shear zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. B4, p. 8335-8361.

Wesnousky, S.G., 1986, Earthquakes, Quaternary faults, and seismic hazards in California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12587-12631.

Wesnousky, S.G., 1988, Seismological and structural evolution of strike-slip faults: Nature, v. 335, No. 6188, p. 340-344.

Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 1995, Seismic hazards in southern California: Probable earthquakes, 1994-2024: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 379-439.


San Andreas Fault Studies


Fumal, T.E., Pezzopane, S.K., Weldon, R.J., II, and Schwartz, D.P., 1993, A 100-year average recurrence interval for the San Andreas fault at Wrightwood, California: Science, v. 259, p. 199-203.

Saucier, Francois, Humphreys, Eugene, and Weldon, Ray, III, 1992, Stress near geometrically complex strike-slip faults: application to the San Andreas fault at Cajon Pass, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, No. B4, p. 5081-5094.

Sieh, K.E., 1978, Slip along the San Andreas fault associated with the great 1857 earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 68, no. 5, p. 1421-1448.

Sieh, K.E., 1978, Prehistoric large earthquakes produced by slip on the San Andreas fault at Pallet Creek, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 83, no. B8, p. 3907-3939.

Sieh, K.E., 1984, Lateral offsets and revised dates of large prehistoric earthquake at Pallett Creek, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, no. B9, p. 7641-7670.

Sieh, K.E., Stuiver, M., and Brillinger, D., 1989, A more precise chronology of earthquakes produced by the San Andreas fault in southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, no. B1, p. 603-623.

Weldon, R.J., II, and Sieh, K.E., 1985, Holocene rate of slip and tentative recurrence interval for large earthquakes on the San Andreas fault, Cajon Pass, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 96, p. 793-812.

Weldon, R.J., II, and Springer, J.E., 1988, Active faulting near the Cajon Pass well, southern California; implications for the stress orientation near the San Andreas fault, in Zoback, M.D., Silver, L.T., Henyey, Thomas, and Thatcher, Wayne, eds., Scientific drilling near the San Andreas fault: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 15, no. 9 (supplement), p. 993-996.

Mojave Desert Fault Studies (including Landers [1992] earthquake)

Arrowsmith, R., and Rhodes, D.D., 1994, Original forms and initial modifications of the Galway Lake Road scarp formed along the Emerson fault during the 28 June Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 511-527.

Aydin, A., and Du, Y., 1995, Surface rupture at a fault bend: the 28 June 1992 Landers, California earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 111-128.


Bartley, J.M., Glazner, A.F., and Schermer, E.R., 1990, North-south contraction of the Mojave block and strike-slip tectonics in southern California: Science, v. 248, p.1398-1401.

Bryan, K. and Rockwell, T.K., 1994, Recognition of non-brittle fault deformation in trench exposures: An example from the Helendale fault, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 253-262.

Bryan, K.A., and Rockwell, T.K., 1995, Holocene character of the Helendale fault zone, Lucerne Valley, San Bernardino County, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, no. 5, p. 7.

Bryant, W.A., 1986, Pinto Mountain, Mesquite Lake, Copper Mountain, and related faults, southern San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-181, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Bryant, W.A., 1992, Surface fault rupture along the Johnson Valley, Homestead Valley, and related faults associated with the Ms7.5 28 June 1992 Landers earthquake: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-234, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Bryant, W.A., 1994, Surface fault rupture along the Homestead Valley, Emerson, and related faults associated with the Ms7.3 28 June 1992 Landers earthquake: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-239, scale 1:24,000 (unpublished).

Cohee, B.P., and Beroza, G.C., 1994, Slip distribution of the 1992 Landers earthquake and its implications for earthquake source mechanics: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 692-712.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1992, Neogene movements on Calico and Camp Rock faults, Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 24-27.

Dokka, R.K., 1989, The eastern California shear zone and its role in the creation of young extensional zones in the Mojave Desert region, in Structure, tectonics, and mineralization of the Walker Lane: Geological Society of Nevada, p. 161-186.

Fife, D.L., 1978, "Airfield fault" Mesquite playa, San Bernardino County, California: California Geology, v. 31, p. 51-53.

Fleming, R.W., Messerich, J.A., and Cruikshank, 1998, Fractures along a portion of the Emerson fault zone related to the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Evidence for the Galway Lake Road rotated block: Geological Society of America Map and Chart Series MCH082, scale 1:3,000.


Foster, J.H., 1992, Fault development and fissuring near Twentynine Palms, CA, in Pipkin, B.W., and Proctor, R.J., eds., Engineering geology practice in southern California: Association of Engineering Geologists Special Publication 4, Belmont, California, Star Publishing Company, p. 289-299.

Garfunkel, Z., 1974, Model for the late Cenozoic tectonic history of the Mojave Desert, California, and for its relation to adjacent regions: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 85, p. 1931-1944.

Harris, R.A., and Simpson, R.W., 1992, Changes in static stress on southern California faults after the 1992 Landers earthquake: Nature, v. 360, p. 351-254.

Hart, E.W., and others, 1988, Summary report: fault evaluation program, 1986-1987, Mojave Desert and other areas [Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino Counties], California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 88-01.

Hart, E.W., Bryant, W.A., and Treiman, J.A., 1993, Surface faulting associated with the June 1992 Landers earthquake, California: California Geology, v. 46, no. 1, p. 10-16.

Hauksson, E., 1994, State of stress from focal mechanisms before and after the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 917-934.

Hauksson, E., Jones, L.M., Hutton, K., and Eberhart-Phillips, D., 1993, The 1992 Landers earthquake sequence: seismological observations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 98, p. 19835-19858.

Herzberg, M., and Rockwell, T., 1993, Timing of past earthquakes on the northern Johnson Valley fault and their relationship to the 1992 rupture: EOS, American Geophysical Union Transactions, v. 74, no. 43, p. 612.

Herzberg, M. and Rockwell, T., 1994, Timing of past earthquakes on the northern Johnson Valley fault and their relationship to the 1992 rupture, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 388-392.

Hill, R.L., and Beeby, D.J., 1977, Surface faulting associated with the 5.2 magnitude Galway Lake earthquake of May 31, 1975: Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 88, p. 1378-1384.

Hill, R.L., Pechmann, J.C., Treiman, J.A., McMillan, J.R., Given, T.W., and Ebel, J.E., 1980, Geologic study of the Homestead Valley earthquake swarm of March 15, 1979: California Geology, v. 33, p. 60-67.

Howard, K.A., and Miller, D.M., 1992, Late Cenozoic faulting at the boundary between the Mojave and Sonoran blocks: Bristol Lake area, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 37-47.

Hudnut, K.W., Bock, Y., Cline, M., Fang, P., Feng, Y., Freymueller, J., Ge, X., Gross, W.K., Jackson, D., Kim, M., King, N.E., Langbein, J., Larsen, S.C., Lisowski, M., Shen, Z.K., Svarc, J., and Zhang, J., 1994, Co-seismic displacements of the 1992 Landers earthquake sequence, in Langston, C.A., ed., The 1992 Landers, California, earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 625-645.

Hutton, L.K., Johnson, C.E., Pechmann, J.C., Ebel, J.E., Given, T.W., Cole, D.M., and German, P.T., 1980, Epicentral locations for the Homestead Valley earthquake sequences, March 15, 1979: California Geology, v. 33, p. 110-164.

Jagiello, Kieth, Christie, J.M., and Blom, R.G., 1992, Horizontal separation of major late Cenozoic strike-slip faults in the Twentynine Palms region, Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 48-53.

Johnson, A.M., Fleming, R.W., and Cruikshank, K.M., 1994, Shear zone formed along long, straight traces of fault zones during the 28 June 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 499-510.

Kanamori, H., and Fuis, G., 1976, Variations of P-wave velocity before and after the Galway Lake earthquake (ML=5.2) and the Goat Mountain earthquakes (ML=4.7, 4.7) 1975, in the Mojave Desert, California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 66, p. 2017-2037.

McGill, S., and Rockwell, T., 1995, Preliminary constraints on the ages of late Holocene earthquakes on the central Garlock fault, near El Paso peaks, in Pace, Allan and others, eds., The Garlock fault and El Paso Mountains Guidebook: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society, p. 1-7.

McGill, S.F., and Rockwell, T.W., 1998, Ages of late Holocene earthquakes on the central Garlock fault near El Paso Peaks, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, no. B4, p. 7265-7279.

McGill, S.F., and Rubin, C.M., 1999, Surficial slip distribution on the central Emerson fault during the June 28, 1992, Landers earthquake, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, no. B3, p. 4811-4833.

Morton, D.M., Miller, F.K., and Smith, C.C., 1980, Photo reconnaissance maps showing young-looking fault features in the southern Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1051, 7 sheets, scale 1:24,000, 1:62,500.

Murbach, D., Rockwell, T.K., and Bray, J.D., 1994, Preliminary observations: Characteristics of the 1992 Landers surface fault rupture adjacent to distressed structures, in Murbach, D., ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 590-598.

Nur, Amos, Hagai, Ron, and Beroza, Greg, 1993, Landers-Mojave earthquake line: a new fault system?: GSA Today, v. 3, p. 253, 256-258.

Padgett, D., and Rockwell, T., 1993, Timing of past earthquakes and triggered slip events on the Lenwood fault at Soggy Lake playa relative to 1992 Landers triggered slip: EOS, American Geophysical Union Transactions, v. 74, no. 43, p. 68.

Padgett, Deems C. and Rockwell, Thomas K., 1994, Paleoseismology of the Lenwood fault, San Bernardino County, California, in Murbach, D. ed., Mojave Desert: Santa Ana, California, South Coast Geological Society Annual Fieldtrip Guidebook, p. 222-238.

Richard, S.M., and Dokka, R.K., 1992, Geology of the Packard Well fault zone, southeastern California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 71-74.

Ross, T.M., 1992, Geologic and paleomagnetic constraints on the timing of initiation and amount of slip on the Rodman and Pisgah faults, central Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 75-77.

Rubin, C., and Sieh, K., 1997, Long dormancy, low slip rate and similar slip per event for the Emerson fault, Eastern California Shear Zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, p. 15,319-15,333.

Rymer, M.J., 1992, The 1992 Joshua Tree, California, earthquake: Tectonic setting and triggered slip (abs): EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 73, p. 363.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., and Solomon, S.C., 1986, Geodetic measurement of deformation in the central Mojave Desert, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12683-12693.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., Solomon, S.C., and Lisowski, M., 1994, Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes: Nature, v. 367, p. 264-266.

Shen, Z., Jackson, D.D., Feng, Y., Cline, M., Kim, M., Fang, P., and Bock, Y., 1994, Postseismic deformation following the Landers earthquake, California, 28 June 1992, in Langston, C.A., ed., The 1992 Landers, California, earthquake sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 780-791.

Sieh, K., Jones, L., Hauksson, E., Hudnut, K., Eberhart-Phillips, D., Heaton, T., Hough, S., Hutton, K., Kanamori, H., Lilje, A., Lindvall, S., McGill, S.F., Mori, J., Rubin, C., Spotilla, J.A., Stock, J., Thio, H.K., Treiman, J., Wernicke, B., and Zachariasen, J., 1993, Near-field investigations of the Landers earthquake sequence, April to July 1992: Science, v. 260, p. 171-176.

Skirvin, T.M., and Wells, S.G., 1992, Late Cenozoic structural and geomorphic evolution of the Old Dad Mountain and Cima volcanic field as related to the eastern California shear zone, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 78.

Sowers, J.M., Unruh, J.R., , Lettis, W.R., and Rubin, T.D., 1994, Relationship of the Kickapoo fault to the Johnson Valley and Homestead faults, San Bernardino County, California: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 528-536.

Spotilla, J.A., and Sieh, K., 1995, Geologic investigations of a "slip gap" in the surficial ruptures of the 1992 Landers earthquake, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, no. B1, p. 543-559.

Stein, R.S., and Lisowski, M., 1983, The 1979 Homestead Valley earthquake sequence, California: Control of aftershocks and postseismic deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 88, p. 6477-6490.

Stein, R.S., and Lisowski, M., 1983, The 1979 Homestead Valley earthquake sequence, California: Control of aftershocks and postseismic deformation: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 88, p. 6477-6490.

Tinsley, J. C., and Cox, B. F., 1994, Neotectonics and hydrologic influence of the Harper Lake-Camp Rock fault near the Nebo Annex of the Marine Corps Logistics Base, Barstow, California, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T. M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, guidebook, p. 169-171.

Treiman, J.A., 1992, Eureka Peak and related faults, San Bernardino and Riverside Counties, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Fault Evaluation Report FER-230, scale 1:24,000.

Treiman, J.A., 1992, Eureka Peak and Burnt Mountain faults, two "new" faults in Yucca Valley, San Bernardino County, California, in Ebersold, D.B., ed., Landers earthquake of June 28, 1992, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, Association of Engineering Geologists, southern California section, Annual Field Trip Guidebook, p. 19-22.

Unruh, J.R., Lettis, W.R., and Sowers, J.M., 1994, Kinematic interpretation of the 1992 Landers earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 537-546.

Unruh, J.R., Twiss, R.J., and Hauksson, Egill, 1996, Seismogenic deformation field in the Mojave block and implication for tectonics of the eastern California shear zone: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. B4, p. 8335-8361.

Wald, D.J., and Heaton, T.H., 1994, Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1992 Landers, California, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, p. 668-691.
Wyatt F.K., Agnew D.H., and Gladwin, M.T., 1994, Continuous Measurements of Crustal Deformation for the 1992 Landers Earthquake Sequence: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 84, no 3, p. 768-779.


Yeats, R.S. and Rockwell, T.K., 1991, Quaternary geology of the Ventura and Los Angeles basins, California: in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U. S.: Geological Society of America, DNAG v. K-2, p. 185-189.

Zachariasen, J., and Sieh, K., 1995, The transfer of slip between two en echelon strike-slip faults: a case study from the 1992 Landers earthquake, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 15,281-15,301.


Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Investigations

Bedford, D.R., and Miller, D.M., 1998, A first-generation decision support system: Geology for Mojave Desert ecosystem planning: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 5.

Davis, Marsha, Miller, David M., and Bedford, David R. 1999, Cheap and Easy Monitoring: A Photographic Method for Creating a Digital Landscape Database: presented in "On the Frontiers of Conservation: Discovery, Reappraisal & Innovation" The 10th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands: Conference proceedings in press, The George Wright Society. http://www.portup.com/~gws/99abstracts.html

Kennedy, S.A., and Matti, J.C., 1999, Data-base model specifications for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project (SCAMP), version 2.0a: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-145, 45 p.

Matti, J.C., Miller, F.K., Powell, R.E., Kennedy, S.A., Bunyapanasarn, T.P., Koukladas, Catherine, Hauser, R.M., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-point attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-859, 51 p.

Matti, J.C., Miller, F.K., Powell, R.E., Kennedy, S.A., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-polygon attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-860, 248 p.

Matti, J.C., Powell, R.E., Miller, F.K., Kennedy, S.A., Ruppert, K.R., Morton, G.L., and Cossette, P.M., 1997, Geologic-line attributes for digital geologic-map data bases produced by the Southern California Areal Mapping Project, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-861, 96 p.

Miller, David M., Davis, Marsha, and Bedford, David R., 1999, Digital Resource Database for Management Decisions: presented in "On the Frontiers of Conservation: Discovery, Reappraisal & Innovation" The 10th Conference on Research and Resource Management in Parks and on Public Lands: Conference proceedings in press, The George Wright Society. http://www.portup.com/~gws/99abstracts.html


Geologic Maps and Geologic-Map Data Bases


Paper Geologic Maps

Barrows, A.G., 1979, Geology and fault activity of the Valyermo segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 79-1LA, 49 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., 1980, Geologic map of the San Andreas fault zone and adjoining terrane, Juniper Hills and vicinity, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 80-2LA, scale 1:9,600.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1976, Geology and fault activity of the Palmdale segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 76-6LA, 30 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1985, Earthquake hazards and tectonic history of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 85-10LA, 139 p., scale 1:12,000.

Bortugno, E.J., and Spittler, T.E., 1986, Geologic map of the San Bernardino quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology, Map No.3A (Geology) of the Regional Geologic Map Series, scale 1:250,000.

Bowen, O.E., Jr., 1954, Geology and mineral deposits of the Barstow quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 165, p. 1-185.

Cox, B.F., 2000, Geologic map of alluvial deposits along the Mojave River between Victorville and Silver Lakes, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 00-XXX, scale 1:24,000 (in press).

Cox, B.F., and Wilshire, H.G., 1993, Geologic map of the area around the Nebo Annex, Marine Corps Logistics Base, Barstow, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-568, 36 p., scale 1:12,000.

Cox, B.F., and Wilshire, H.G., 1994, Geologic map of the Yermo Annex and vicinity, Marine Corps Logistics Base, Barstow, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-681, scale 1:12,000.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1960, Preliminary geologic map of the Shadow Mountains quadrangle, Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-227, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1960, Preliminary geologic map of the Victorville quadrangle: U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-229, scale 1:62,500.

Dibblee, T. W., Jr., 1964, Geologic Map of the Cajon Quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 64-42, scale 1:24,000.

Knauer, L.C., 1982, Geology of the Emerson Lake quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: Los Angeles, University of California, unpublished M.S. thesis, 190 p., scale 1:24,000.

Noble, L.F., 1954, Geology of the Valyermo quadrangle and vicinity, California: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-50, scale 1-24,000.

Ponti, D.J., and Burke, D.B., 1980, Map showing Quaternary geology of the eastern Antelope Valley and vicinity, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1064, scale 1:62,500.

Ponti, D.J., Burke, D.B., and Hedel, C.W., 1981, Map showing Quaternary geology of the central Antelope Valley and vicinity, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-737, scale 1:62,500.

Powell, R.E., and Matti, J.C., 2000, Geologic map of the Cougar Buttes 7.5' quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California: a geologic data base: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-175
, scale 1:24,000.

Rogers, T.H., Compiler, 1967, San Bernardino sheet of Geologic map of California: California Division of Mines and Geology, scale 1:250,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Cougar Buttes 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate E, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Lucerne Valley 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate C, scale 1:24,000.

Sadler, P.M., 1982, Geologic map of the Old Woman Springs 7.5' quadrangle: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 82-18 S.F., Plate K, scale 1:24,000.

Weber, H., 1993, Geologic map of the southeast-central Warm Springs Mountain 7.5' quadrangle, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open File Report OFR 93-04, scale 1:12,000.

Digital Geologic-Map Data Bases



Miller, D.M., and Bedford, D.R., 2000, Geologic map of the El Mirage Dry Lake region, San Bernardino and Los Angeles Counties, California: a geologic data base: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-222
, scale 1:24,000.

Powell, R.E., and Matti, J.C., 2000, Geologic map and digital database of the Cougar Buttes 7.5' quadrangle, San Bernardino County, California, version 1.0: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-175, scale 1:24,000, 19 p.

Geologic-Setting and Geologic-History Investigations

Basin-Evolution and Clast-Provenance Studies

Cox, B.F. and Hillhouse, J.W., 2000, Pliocene and Pleistocene evolution of the Mojave River, and associated tectonic development of the Transverse Ranges and Mojave Desert, based on borehole stratigraphy studies near Victorville, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 00-147, 66p.

Cox, B.F., and Tinsley, J.C., III, 1999, Origin of the late Pliocene and Pleistocene Mojave River between Cajon Pass and Barstow, California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, eds., Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 49-54.

Cox, B.F., Hillhouse, J.W., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Tinsley, J.C., 1998, Pliocene-Pleistocene depositional history along the Mojave River north of Cajon Pass, California-Regional tilting and drainage reversal during uplift of the central Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 11.

Meisling, K.E., and Weldon, R.J., 1989, Late Cenozoic tectonics of the northwestern San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 106-128.

Nagy, E.A., and Murray, Bruce, 1996, Plio-Pleistocene deposits adjacent to the Manix fault: implications for the history of the Mojave River and Transverse Ranges uplift: Sedimentary Geology, v. 103, nos. 1-2, p. 9-21.


Crystalline Basement-Rock Studies


Ehlig, P.L., 1988, Characteristics of basement rocks exposed near the Cajon Pass scientific drill hole, in Zoback, M.D., Silver, L.T., Henyey, Thomas, and Thatcher, Wayne, eds., Scientific drilling near the San Andreas fault: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 15, no. 9 (supplement), p. 949-952.


Fault-History Studies


Barrows, A.G., 1987, Geology of the San Andreas fault zone and adjoining terrane, Juniper Hills and vicinity, Los Angeles County, California, in Hester, R.L., and Hallinger, D.E., eds., San Andreas fault-Cajon Pass to Palmdale: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Volume and guidebook no. 59, p. 93-157.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1985, Earthquake hazards and tectonic history of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 85-10LA, 139 p., scale 1:12,000.

Barrows, A.G., Kahle, J.E., and Beeby, D.J., 1987, Earthquake hazards and tectonic history of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California, in Hester, R.L., and Hallinger, D.E., eds., San Andreas fault-Cajon Pass to Palmdale: Pacific Section, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Volume and guidebook no. 59, p. 1-92.

Bartley, J.M., Glazner, A.F., and Schermer, E.R., 1990, North-south contraction of the Mojave block and strike-slip tectonics in southern California: Science, v. 248, p.1398-1401.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1961, Evidence of strike-slip movement on northwest-trending faults in Mojave Desert, California, in Short papers in the geologic and hydrologic sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 424B, p. B197-B199.

Dokka, R.K., 1983, Displacements on Late Cenozoic strike-slip faults of the central Mojave Desert, California: Geology, v. 11, p. 305-308.

Dokka, R.K., 1989, The eastern California shear zone and its role in the creation of young extensional zones in the Mojave Desert region, in Structure, tectonics, and mineralization of the Walker Lane: Geological Society of Nevada, p. 161-186.

Dokka, R.K., and Travis, C.J., 1990, Late Cenozoic strike-slip faulting in the Mojave Desert, California: Tectonics, v. 9, p. 311-340.

Dokka, R.K., and Travis, C.J., 1990, Role of the eastern California shear zone in accommodating Pacific-North American plate motion: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1323-1326.

Howard, K.A., and Miller, D.M., 1992, Late Cenozoic faulting at the boundary between the Mojave and Sonoran blocks: Bristol Lake area, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication, p. 37-47.

Matti, J.C., and Morton, D.M., 1993, Paleogeographic evolution of the San Andreas fault in southern California: a reconstruction based on a new cross-fault correlation, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., II, and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 107-159.

Meisling, K.E., and Weldon, R.J., 1989, Late Cenozoic tectonics of the northwestern San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 106-128.

Miller, F.K., 1987, Reverse-fault system bounding the north side of the San Bernardino Mountains, in Recent reverse faulting in the Transverse Ranges, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1339, p. 83-95.

Powell, R.E., 1993, Balanced palinspastic reconstruction of pre-Late Cenozoic paleogeology, southern California: geologic and kinematic constraints on evolution of the San Andreas fault system, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 1-106.

Stoffer, Philip W., 2004, Desert Landforms and Surface Processes in the Mojave National Preserve and Vicinity: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2004-1007, 78 p. Available on-line at: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1007/
.
Weldon, R.J., II, Meisling, K.E., and Alexander, J., 1993, A speculative history of the San Andreas Fault in the central Transverse Ranges, California, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 161-198.


Paleomagnetism Studies

Cox, B.F. and Hillhouse, J.W., 2000, Pliocene and Pleistocene evolution of the Mojave River, and associated tectonic development of the Transverse Ranges and Mojave Desert, based on borehole stratigraphy studies near Victorville, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 00-147, 66p.

Kirschvink, J. L., 1980, The least-squares line and plane and the analysis of paleomagnetic data: Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 62, p. 699-718.

Ross, T.M., 1992, Geologic and paleomagnetic constraints on the timing of initiation and amount of slip on the Rodman and Pisgah faults, central Mojave Desert, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication 92-1, p. 75-77.

Singer, B. S., Hoffman, K. A., Chauvin, A., Coe, R. S., and Pringle, M. S., 1999, Dating transitionally magnetized lavas of the late Matuyama Chron: Toward a new 40Ar/39Ar timescale of reversals and events: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, p. 679-693.


Tectonics, Geologic-Setting, and Structural Studies

Barrows, A.G., 1975, The San Andreas fault zone in the Juniper Hills quadrangle, southern California, in Crowell, J.C., ed., San Andreas fault in southern California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 118, p. 197-202.

Bartley, J.M., Glazner, A.F., and Schermer, E.R., 1990, North-south contraction of the Mojave block and strike-slip tectonics in southern California: Science, v. 248, p.1398-1401.

Blythe, A.E., and Burbank, D.W., 1996, Timing and magnitude of exhumation of the central Transverse Ranges, California, from apatite fission-track analyses: EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, v. 77, no. 17, p. 262.

Cox, B.F., 1995, Structure and tectonics at the south edge of an early Miocene rift zone, central Mojave Desert, California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 42, no. 2, p. 30-31.

Cox, B.F., 1997, Geologic investigations along Mojave River, California, from Lower Narrows to Bryman: U.S. Geological Survey administrative report to Mojave Water Agency (for internal agency use only), 8 p., scale 1:24,000.

Cox, B.F., 1998, Late Cretaceous and early Paleogene tectonics and sedimentation near the Garlock fault, California-did Neogene strike-slip faulting exploit an older structural zone?, in Calzia, J.P., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Finding faults in the Mojave: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 45, nos. 1-2, p. 45-51.

Cox, B.F. and Hillhouse, J.W., 2000, Pliocene and Pleistocene evolution of the Mojave River, and associated tectonic development of the Transverse Ranges and Mojave Desert, based on borehole stratigraphy studies near Victorville, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 00-147, 66p.

Cox, B.F., and Tinsley, J.C., III, 1999, Origin of the late Pliocene and Pleistocene Mojave River between Cajon Pass and Barstow, California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, eds., Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 49-54.

Cox, B.F., and Wilshire, H. G., 1994, Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and tectonics along the Mojave River east of Barstow, California: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 46.

Cox, B.F., Hillhouse, J.W., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Tinsley, J.C., 1998, Pliocene-Pleistocene depositional history along the Mojave River north of Cajon Pass, California-Regional tilting and drainage reversal during uplift of the central Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 11.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1961, Evidence of strike-slip faulting along northwest-trending faults in the Mojave Desert: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 424-B, p. B197-B199.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1967, Areal geology of the western Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 522, 153 p.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1975, Tectonics of the western Mojave Desert near the San Andreas rift, in Crowell, J.C., ed., San Andreas fault in southern California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 118, p. 155-161.

Dokka, R.K., 1983, Displacements on late Cenozoic strike slip faults of the central Mojave desert, California: Geology, v. 11, p. 305-308.

Dibblee, T.W., Jr., 1961, Evidence of strike-slip movement on northwest-trending faults in Mojave Desert, California, in Short papers in the geologic and hydrologic sciences: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 424B, p. B197-B199.

Dokka, R.K., 1989, The eastern California shear zone and its role in the creation of young extensional zones in the Mojave Desert region, in Structure, tectonics, and mineralization of the Walker Lane: Geological Society of Nevada, p. 161-186.

Dokka, R.K., and Travis, C.J., 1990, Late Cenozoic strike-slip faulting in the Mojave Desert, California: Tectonics, v. 9, p. 311-340.

Dokka, R.K., and Travis, C.J., 1990, Role of the eastern California shear zone in accommodating Pacific-North American plate motion: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1323-1326.

Garfunkel, Z., 1974, Model for the late Cenozoic tectonic history of the Mojave Desert, California, and for its relation to adjacent regions: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 85, p. 1931-1944.

Howard, K.A., and Miller, D.M., 1992, Late Cenozoic faulting at the boundary between the Mojave and Sonoran blocks: Bristol Lake area, California, in Richard, S.M., ed., Deformation associated with the Neogene Eastern California Shear Zone, southwestern Arizona and southeastern California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Special Publication, p. 37-47.

Humphreys, E.D., and Hager, B.H., 1990, A kinematic model for the late Cenozoic development of southern California crust and upper mantle: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, no. B12, p. 19,747-19,762.

Jacobson, C.E., Oyarzabal, F.R., and Haxel, G.B., 1996, Subduction and exhumation of the Pelona-Orocopia-Rand schists, southern California: Geology, v. 24, no. 6, p. 547-550.

Kahle, J.E., Smith, D.P., and Beeby, D.J., 1975, Geology of the Leona Valley segment of the San Andreas fault zone, Los Angeles County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 75-2LA, 169 p., 1:6,000.

Kenney, M.D., and Weldon, R.J., 1999, Timing and magnitude of mid to late Quaternary uplift of the western San Bernardino and northeastern San Gabriel Mountains, southern California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 33-46.

Li, Yong-Gang, Henyey, T.L., and Leary, P.C., 1992, Seismic reflection constraints on the structure of the crust beneath the San Bernardino Mountains, Transverse Ranges, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. B6, p. 8817-8830.

Li, Yong-Gang, Henyey, T.L., and Silver, L.T., 1992, Aspects of the crustal structure of the western Mojave Desert, California, from seismic reflection and gravity data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. B6, p. 8805-8816.

Martin, M.W., and Walker, J.D., 1992, Extending the western North American Proterozoic and Paleozoic continental crust through the Mojave Desert: Geology, v. 20, p. 753-756.

Meisling, K.E., and Weldon, R.J., 1989, Late Cenozoic tectonics of the northwestern San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 106-128.

Miller, F.K., 1987, Reverse-fault system bounding the north side of the San Bernardino Mountains, in Recent reverse faulting in the Transverse Ranges, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1339, p. 83-95.

Nagy, E.A., and Murray, Bruce, 1996, Plio-Pleistocene deposits adjacent to the Manix fault: implications for the history of the Mojave River and Transverse Ranges uplift: Sedimentary Geology, v. 103, nos. 1-2, p. 9-21.

Nicholson, Craig, Seeber, Leonardo, Williams, Patrick, and Sykes, L.R., 1986, Seismicity and fault kinematics through the eastern Transverse Ranges, California: block rotation, strike-slip faulting and low-angle thrusts: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4891-4908.

Nur, Amos, Hagai, Ron, and Beroza, Greg, 1993, Landers-Mojave earthquake line: a new fault system?: GSA Today, v. 3, p. 253, 256-258. Ponti, D.J., 1985, The Quaternary alluvial sequence of the Antelope Valley, California: Geological Society of America Special Paper 203, p. 79-96.

Ross, D.C., 1972, Petrographic and chemical reconnaissance study of some granitic and gneissic rocks near the San Andreas fault from Bodega Head to Cajon Pass, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 698, 92 p.

Ross, D.C., 1978, The Salinian block--a Mesozoic granitic orphan in the California Coast Ranges, in Howell, D.G., and McDougall, K.A., eds., Mesozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symposium 2, p. 509-522.

Ross, D.C., 1984, Possible correlations of basement rocks across the San Andreas, San Gregorio-Hosgri, and Rinconada-Reliz-King City faults, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1317, 37 p.

Sadler, P.M., 1993, The Santa Ana Basin of the central San Bernardino Mountains: evidence of the timing of uplift and strike slip relative to the San Gabriel Mountains, in Powell, R.E., Weldon, R.J., and Matti, J.C., eds., The San Andreas fault system: displacement, palinspastic reconstruction, and geologic evolution: Geological Society of America Memoir 178, p. 307-321.

Sadler, P.M., and Reeder, W.A., 1983, Upper Cenozoic quartzite-bearing gravels of the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: recycling and mixing as a result of transpressional uplift, in Anderson, D.W., and Rymer, M.J., eds., Tectonics and sedimentation along faults of the San Andreas system: Pacific Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, p. 45-57.

Spotila, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, as constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronometry: Tectonics, v. 17, no.3, p. 360-378.

Troxel, B.W., and Gunderson, J.N., 1970, Geology of the Shadow Mountains and the northern part of the Shadow Mountains SE quadrangles, western San Bernardino County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Preliminary Report 12, scale 1:24,000.

Wallace, R.E., 1949, Structure of a portion of the San Andreas rift in southern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 60, no. 4, p. 781-806.

Ward, A.W., Dixon, G.L., and Jachens, R.C., 1993, Geologic setting of the east Antelope Basin, with emphasis on fissuring on Rogers Lake, Edwards AFB, Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-263, 9 p.

Weber, F.H., Jr., 1982, New interpretation of structural elements in the vicinity of the northwestern terminus of the trace of the San Gabriel fault zone, Ventura County, California, in Fife, D., and Minch, J.A., eds., Geology and mineral wealth of the California Transverse Ranges: South Coast Geological Society Guidebook no. 10 (Mason Hill volume), p. 321-329.

Weldon, R.J., 1984, Quaternary deformation due to the junction of the San Andreas and San Jacinto faults, southern California: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 16, no. 6, p., 689.

Weldon, R., 1985, Implications of the age and distribution of the late Cenozoic stratigraphy in Cajon Pass, southern California, in Reynolds, R.E., ed., Geological investigations along Interstate 15, Cajon Pass to Manix Lake, California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum, p. 59-68.

Weldon, Ray, and Humphreys, Eugene, 1986, A kinematic model of southern California: Tectonics, v. 5, no. 1, p. 33-48.

Weldon, R. J., and Matti, J. C., 1986, Geologic evidence for segmentation of the southern San Andreas fault: Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 67, p 905-906.


Geophysical Maps and Investigations


Biehler, S., Tang, R.W., Ponce, D.A., and Oliver, H.W., compilers, 1988, Bouguer gravity map of the San Bernardino quadrangle, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Regional Geologic Map Series, map no. 3B, scale 1:250,000.

Jachens, R.C., and Langenheim, V.E., 1996, Aeromagnetic map of the San Bernardino 1:100,000-scale quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-284.

Jachens, R.C., Snyder, S.L., and Roberts, C.W., 1993, Aeromagnetic map of the Victorville 1:100,000-scale quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-315, scale 1:100,000.

Li, Yong-Gang, Henyey, T.L., and Leary, P.C., 1992, Seismic reflection constraints on the structure of the crust beneath the San Bernardino Mountains, Transverse Ranges, southern California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. B6, p. 8817-8830.

Li, Yong-Gang, Henyey, T.L., and Silver, L.T., 1992, Aspects of the crustal structure of the western Mojave Desert, California, from seismic reflection and gravity data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. B6, p. 8805-8816.

Mabey, D.R., 1960, Gravity survey of the western Mojave Desert, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 316-D, p. 51-73.


Stratigraphic and Paleontologic Investigations


Brown, H.J., 1983, Possible Cambrian miogeoclinal strata in the Shadow Mountains, western Mojave Desert, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, p. 413.

Cox, B.F. and Hillhouse, J.W., 2000, Pliocene and Pleistocene evolution of the Mojave River, and associated tectonic development of the Transverse Ranges and Mojave Desert, based on borehole stratigraphy studies near Victorville, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 00-147, 66p.

Cox, B.F., Hillhouse, J.W., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Tinsley, J.C., 1998, Pliocene-Pleistocene depositional history along the Mojave River north of Cajon Pass, California-Regional tilting and drainage reversal during uplift of the central Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 11.

Jefferson, G.T., 1985, Stratigraphy and geologic history of the Pleistocene Manix Formation, central Mojave Desert, California, in Reynolds, R.E., ed., Geologic investigations along Interstate 15, Cajon Pass to Manix Lake, California: Redlands, CA, San Bernardino County Museum, p. 157-169).

Jefferson, G.T., 1986, Fossil vertebrates from late Pleistocene sedimentary deposits in the San Bernardino and Little San Bernardino Mountains region, in Kooser, M.A., and Reynolds, R.E., eds., Geology around the margins of the eastern San Bernardino Mountains: Publications of the Inland Geological Society, v. 1, p. 77-80.

Jefferson, G.T., 1994, Stratigraphy and Plio-Pleistocene history of the Lake Manix basin, in McGill, S.F., and Ross, T. M., eds., Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Guidebook, 27th Annual Meeting, San Bernardino, California, p. 175-177.

Jefferson, G.T., 1999, Age and stratigraphy of Lake Manix basin, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 109-111.

May, S.R., and Repenning, C.A., 1982, New evidence for the age of the Old Woman Sandstone, Mojave Desert, California, in Sadler, P.M., and Kooser, M.A. eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and structure of the San Bernardino Mountains, field trip 6 of Cooper, J.D., compiler, Geologic excursions in the Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 78th Annual Meeting, Anaheim, Calif., Volume and Guidebook, p. 93-96.

Reynolds, R.E., 1989, Mid-Pleistocene faunas of the west-central Mojave Desert, in Reynolds, R.E., ed., The west-central Mojave Desert: Quaternary studies between Kramer and Afton Canyon: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association, p. 45-48.

Reynolds, R.E., 1991, Biostratigraphic relationships of Tertiary small vertebrates from Cajon Valley, San Bernardino County, California, in Woodburne, M.O., Reynolds, R.E., and Whistler, D.P., eds., Inland southern California: the last 70 million years: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 38, nos. 3 and 4, p.54-59.

Reynolds, R.E., and Cox, B.F., 1999, Tracks along the Mojave [field trip road log], in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, eds., Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Manix basin and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 1-23.

Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, R.L., 1994, The Victorville fan and an occurrence of Sigmodon, in Reynolds, R.E., ed., Off limits in the Mojave Desert: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Special Publication 94-1, p. 31-33.

Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, R.L., 1994, The isolation of Harper Lake basin, in Reynolds, R.E., ed., Off limits in the Mojave Desert: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Special Publication 94-1, p. 34-37.

Scott, Eric, Springer, Kathleen, and Murray, L.K., 1997, New records of early Pleistocene vertebrates from the west-central Mojave Desert, San Bernardino County, California: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 17, supplement to no. 3, p. 75A.

Singer, B. S., Hoffman, K. A., Chauvin, A., Coe, R. S., and Pringle, M. S., 1999, Dating transitionally magnetized lavas of the late Matuyama Chron: Toward a new 40Ar/39Ar timescale of reversals and events: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 104, p. 679-693.

Weldon, R.J., 1984, Implications of the age and distribution of the late Cenozoic stratigraphy in Cajon Pass, southern California, in Hester, R.L., and Hallinger, D.E., eds., San Andreas fault--Cajon Pass to Wrightwood: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Pacific Section, Volume and guidebook no. 55, p. 9-16.

Weldon, R.J., 1985, Implications of the age and distribution of the late Cenozoic stratigraphy in Cajon Pass, southern California, in Reynolds, R.E., compiler, Geological investigations along Interstate 15, Cajon Pass to Manix Lake, California: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Publication, p. 59-68.


Surficial and Quaternary Investigations


Bachman, G.O., and Machette, M.N., 1977, Calcic soils and calcretes in the southwestern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-794, 163 p.

Cox, B.F., and Tinsley, J.C., III, 1999, Origin of the late Pliocene and Pleistocene Mojave River between Cajon Pass and Barstow, California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, eds., Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 49-54.

Cox, B.F., Hillhouse, J.W., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Tinsley, J.C., 1998, Pliocene-Pleistocene depositional history along the Mojave River north of Cajon Pass, California-Regional tilting and drainage reversal during uplift of the central Transverse Ranges: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 5, p. 11.

Dixon, J.C., 1994, Duricrusts, in Abrahams, A.D., and Parsons, A.J., editors, Geomorphology of desert environments: New York, Chapman & Hall, p. 82-105.

Dohrenwend, J.C., 1994, Pediments in arid environments, in Abrahams, A.D., and Parsons, A.J., editors, Geomorphology of desert environments: London, Chapman & Hall, p. 321-353.

Dohrenwend, J.C., Bull, W.B., McFadden, L.D., Smith, G.I., Smith, R.S.U., and Wells, S.G., Quaternary geology of the Basin and Range Province in California, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary non-glacial geology; conterminous U.S.: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The geology of North America, v. K-2, p. 321-352.

Enzel, Y., and Wells, S.G., 1997, Extracting Holocene paleohydrology and paleoclimatology information from modern extreme flood events: An example from southern California: Geomorphology, v. 19, p. 203-226.

Enzel, Y., Brown, W.J., Anderson, R.Y., McFadden, L.D., and Wells, S.G., 1992, Short-duration Holocene lakes in the Mojave River drainage basin, southern California: Quaternary Research, v. 38, p. 60-73.

Enzel, Y., Cayan, D.R., Anderson, R.Y., and Wells, S.G., 1989, Atmospheric circulation during Holocene Lake stands in the Mojave Desert; evidence of regional climate change: Nature, v. 341, p. 44-47.

Eppes, M., Matti, J., Powell, R., and McFadden, L., 1998, Soil landscapes of the northern flank of the San Bernardino Mountains in the Transverse Ranges of Southern California: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, no. 1, p. A-330.

Gile, L., Hawley, J., and Grossman, R., 1981, Soils and geomorphology in the Basin and Range area of southern New Mexico-Guidebook to the Desert Project: Socorro, New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Memoir 39, 222 p.

Gile, L.H., Peterson, F.F., and Grossman, R.B., 1966, Morphological and genetic sequences of carbonate accumulation in desert soils: Soil Science, v. 101, p. 347-360.

Harden, J., Taylor, E., Reheis, M., McFadden, L., 1991, Calcic, Gypsic, and Siliceous soil chronosequences in arid and semiarid environments, in Nettleton, W.D., ed., Occurrence, characteristics, and genesis of carbonate, gypsum, and silica accumulations in soils: Soil Science Society of America Special Publication 26, p. 1-16.

Harden, J., and Taylor, E., 1983, A quantitative comparison of soil development in four climatic regimes: Quaternary Research, v. 20, p. 342-359.

Harden, J., Taylor, E., Hill, C., Mark, R., McFadden, L., Reheis, M., Sowers, J., Wells, S., 1991, Rates of soil development from four soil chronosequences in the southern Great Basin: Quaternary Research, v. 35, p. 383-399.

Ku, T.L., Bull, W.B., Freeman, S.T., and Knauss, K.G., 1979, 240Th-243U dating of pedogenic carbonates in gravelly desert soils of Vidal Valley, southeastern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, p. 1063-1073.

Machette, M.N., 1985, Calcic soils of the southwestern United States, in Weide, D.L., and Faber, M.L., editors, Quaternary soils and geomorphology of the American Southwest: Geological Society of America Special Paper 203, p. 1-21.

McFadden, L., 1988, Climatic influence on rates and processes of soil development in Quaternary deposits of southern California, in Sigleo, W., and Reinhardt, J., eds., Paleosols and weathering through geologic time: Principles and applications: Geological Society of America Special Paper 216, p. 153-177.

McFadden, L., and McAuliffe, J., 1997, Lithologically influenced geomorphic responses to Holocene climatic changes in the Southern Colorado Plateau, Arizona: A soil geomorphic and ecologic perspective: Geomorphology, v. 19, p. 303-332.

McFadden, L., and Tinsley, J., 1985, Rate and depth of pedogenic-carbonate accumulation in soils: Formulation and testing of a compartment model, in Weide, D. L., ed., Soils and Quaternary Geology of the Southwestern U.S.: Geological Society of America Special paper 203, pp. 23-41.

McFadden, L.D., and Weldon, R.J., 1987, Rates and processes of soil development on Quaternary terraces in Cajon Pass, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 98, p. 280-293.

McFadden, L., McDonald, E., Wells, S., Anderson, K., Quade, J., Forman, S., 1998, The vesicular layer and carbonate collars of desert soils and pavements: formation, age, and relation to climate change: Geomorphology, v. 24, p. 101-145.

McFadden, L.D., Ritter, J.B., and Wells, S.G., 1989, Use of multiparameter relative-age methods for age estimation and correlation of alluvial fan surfaces on a desert piedmont, eastern Mojave Desert, California: Quaternary Research, v. 32, p. 276-290.

McFadden, L.D., Wells, S.G., Brown, W.J., and Enzel, Y., 1992, Soil genesis on beach ridges of pluvial Lake Mojave: Implications for Holocene lacustrine and eolian events in the Mojave Desert, southern California: Catena, v. 19, p. 77-97.

McFadden, L. D., Wells, S.G., and Dohrenwend, J.C., 1987, Influences of Quaternary climatic changes on processes of soil development on desert loess deposits of the Cima volcanic field, California: Catena, v. 13, p. 361-389.

McFadden, L.D., Wells, S.G., and Jercinovich, M.J., 1987, Influences of eolian and pedogenic processes on the origin and evolution of desert pavements: Geology, v. 15, p. 504-508.

Meek, Norman, 1999, New discoveries about the late Wisconsin history of the Mojave River system, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 113-117.

Oberlander, T.M., 1972, Morphogenesis of granitic boulder slopes in the Mojave Desert, California: Journal of Geology, v. 80, p. 1-20.

Oberlander, T.M., 1994, Rock varnish in deserts, in Abrahams, A.D., and Parsons, A.J., editors, Geomorphology of desert environments: New York, Chapman & Hall, p. 106-119.

Peterson, F.F., 1981, Landforms of the Basin and Range Province defined for soil survey: Reno, Nevada, University of Nevada, Nevada Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 28, 45 p.

Reheis, M.C., Harden, J.W., McFadden, L.D., and Shroba, R.R., 1989, Development rates of Late Quaternary soils, Silver Lake Playa, California: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 53, p. 1127-1140.

Reheis, M.C., Sowers, J.M., Taylor, E.M., McFadden, L.D., and Harden, J.W., 1992, Morphology and genesis of carbonate soils on the Kyle Canyon fan, Nevada, USA: Geoderma, v. 52, p. 303-342.

Ruppert, K.R., 1999, Preliminary results of the optically stimulated luminescence dating of Quaternary aged terrace levels of the Mojave River, Mojave Desert, California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished BA thesis, 21p.

Shreve, R.L., 1968, The Blackhawk landslide: Geological Society of America Special Paper 108, 47p.

Sibbett, B.S., 1996, Paleo fluvial channels control migration of a hydrocarbon spill on George Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 7, p. 393.

Sibbett, B.S., 1999, Pleistocene channels of the Mojave River near Victorville, California, in Reynolds, R.E., and Reynolds, Jennifer, Tracks along the Mojave: A field guide from Cajon Pass to the Calico Mountains and Coyote Lake: Redlands, California, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, v. 46, no. 3, p. 65-68.

Spotila, J.A., Farley, K.A., and Sieh, Kerry, 1998, Uplift and erosion of the San Bernardino Mountains associated with transpression along the San Andreas fault, California, as constrained by radiogenic helium thermochronometry: Tectonics, v. 17, no.3, p. 360-378.

Tugel, A.J., and Woodruff, G.A., 1986, Soil Survey of San Bernardino County, California, Mojave River: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 211 p., 36 pl., scale 1:24,000.

Weldon, R.J., 1983, Climatic control for the formation of terraces in Cajon Creek, southern California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, no. 5, p. 429.

Wells, S.G., McFadden, L.D., Poths, J., and Olinger, C.T., 1995, Cosmogenic "SUP 3" He surface-exposure dating of stone pavements: implications for landscape evolution in deserts: Geology, v. 23, p. 613-616.

Yang Wang, McDonald, E., Amundson, R., McFadden, L., and Chadwick, O., 1996, An isotopic study of soils in chronological sequences of alluvial deposits, Providence Mountains, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 108, p. 379-391.


Thesis and Dissertation Investigations


Bryan, K.A., 1995, Comparison of Brittle vs. Ductile Surface Deformation in an Alquist-Priolo Earthquake Fault Zone: Examples From the Helendale Fault, San Bernardino County, California: San Diego, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 64 p.

Chrisley, S.M., 1997, Geology and hydrogeology of the George Air Force Base vicinity, California: San Jose, California, California State University, unpublished M.S. thesis, 111 p.

Corbett, E.J., 1984, Seismicity and crustal structure of southern California: Tectonic implications from improved earthquake locations: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 231 p.

Davis, T., 1983, Late Cenozoic structure and tectonic history of the western "Big Bend" of the San Andreas fault and adjacent San Emigdio Mountains: Santa Barbara, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, 580 p.

Foster, J.H., 1980, Late Cenozoic tectonic evolution of Cajon Valley, southern California: Riverside, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 243p.

Meek, Norman, 1990, Late Quaternary geochronology and geomorphology of the Manix basin, San Bernardino County: Los Angeles, University of California, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 212 p.

Meisling, K.E., 1984, Neotectonics of the north frontal fault system of the San Bernardino Mountains, southern California: Cajon Pass to Lucerne Valley: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 394 p.

Weldon, R.J., 1986, The late Cenozoic geology of Cajon Pass; implications for tectonics and sedimentation along the San Andreas fault: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 382 p.


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